Saturday, April 12, 2014
I have mentioned repeatedly that there was a recognized "Australoid" or Australian-Aboriginal like element as maintained by Physical Anthropologists of a hundred years ago, more or less. That idea was subsequently carefully glossed over and forgotten. But writers such as Dixon et al were all very keen on the idea, and the popular book Men Out of Asia summarized those theories. Above is an example of the "Australoid" type from the American Southwest. The Pericues of Baja California were said to be more pronouncedly examples of the type. The older books said that this was the basic underlying type in South America but as modified by later migrations on top of that basement level. Many of the oldest skulls found archaeologically tend to reinforce this idea.
There is an even more primitive type identifiable in the same area generally, and that population has been compared to Neanderthals or to Homo erectus: Austin Whittall has a series of links posted here on that subject. Several skulls of this type have also been identified and this was also mentioned on this blog separately.