Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Friday, November 29, 2013

Gunungpadang

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/51055995

These photos were sent in by Teresa Drusin, a longtime follower and sometime contributor to this blog. The megaliths in the photographs come from Karyamukti, Campaka, Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia and they represent the largest and oldest megalithic complex in the world, dating back to more than 7000 years old, and it seems there was a large settlement complex that was thrown into ruin at a very early time, possibly connected to the oldr eruption of Krakatoa.  Before destruction this looks like it would have been a large settlement similar to the ruins on Ponape, in Micronesia.

 
Gunungpadang site is the site of prehistoric megalithic cultural heritage in West Java. Precisely located on the border hamlet and Panggulan Gunungpadang, Karyamukti Village, District Campaka, Cianjur. Vast complex "building" approximately 900 m², situated at an altitude of 885 m above sea level, and the site area is about 3 ha, making it the largest terraces punden complex in Southeast Asia. consider the findings of previous researchers in the Gunung Padang just plain megalithic sites. The results of the drilling team found a base layer of the building foundation was 4700 BC. Older than the pyramids of Giza in Egypt 3500 BC old.






 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunung_Padang_Megalithic_Site



Gunung Padang is a megalithic site located in Karyamukti village, Cianjur regency, West Java Province of Indonesia, 50 km south-west of the city of Cianjur or 6 kilometers from Lampegan station. It is the largest megalithic site in South-Eastern Asia.
The existence of the site is mentioned in Rapporten van de Oudheidkundige Dienst (ROD, "Report of the Department of Antiquities") in 1914. The Dutch historian N. J. Krom also mentioned it in 1949. Employees of National Archeology Research Centre visited the site in 1979 for a study of archaeology, history and geology.
Located at 885 metres above sea level, the site covers a hill in a series of terraces bordered by retaining walls of stone that are accessed by successive steps (about 400 andesit steps = 95 metres). It is covered with massive rectangular stones of volcanic origin. Sundanese People consider the place as sacred and believe the site as a result of King Siliwangi attempt to build a palace in one night. The asymmetric Punden Berundak is facing up to northwest, to Mount Gede,[1] mainly constructed for the purpose of worship and built in a position that has been noticed geomantic and astromantic factors. Based on megalith shape the site is built in 1,500 years BC.[2]
The villages closest to the site are Cimanggu, Ciwangun and Cipanggulakan. Two routes are possible to get there:
  • From Sukabumi to Cianjur: From Warungkondang to Cipadang, Cibokor, Lampegan Pal Dua, Ciwangin, Cimanggu.
  • From Cianjur to Sukabumi: From Sukaraja to Cireungas, Cibanteng, Rawabesar, Sukamukti and Cipanggulaan

2012 survey

A survey conducted in 2012 showed the following:[3][4]
  • The site was dated 6,500 years BP by carbon radiometric dating in 3 to 4 metres below the surface (12,500 years in 8 to 10 metres below the surface) and the artefacts at the surface about 4,800 years BP
  • Based on geoelectric, georadar and geomagnetic testing at least up to 15 metres from the surface there is construction with big chambers
  • Not as south side with 5 stone terraces, in east side has 100 stone terraces with width and height 2x2 metres, in west side there are also stone terraces but is still covered by soil and bush, in north side besides 1.5 metre-wide stair there also terraces
  • The site area is approximately 25 hectares (Borobudur Temple is only 1.5 hectares)
  • Wall side construction of terraces is similar with Machu Pichu in Peru
Another survey used GSSI georadar, Multi-Channel SuperSting R-8 and Geomagnet GEM-Ovenhausser gave:[5]
  • There are structures beyond Mount Padang structure
  • Carbon dating by Beta Analytic, Miami, Florida between 3 and 12 meters suggests the structure could date 16,000 years BP.[6]

2013 survey

The structure beyond the Mount Padang structure is older than the upper structure. In depth of 1-4.5 meters by Beta Analytic Radiocarbon Dating (BETA) the older (below) structure is built in 4,500 BC, whether the upper structure in 500 BC. At 4.5 meter depth there are stones with specie which consist of 45 percent ferrum, 15 percent clay and the rest silica. The surveyor found a 10 centimetre steel fraction.[7]
The Independent Research Integrated Mount Padang Team, facilitated by the Special Staff of President for Social Assistance and Disaster, found man-made stone structures beneath the ancient site of Mount Padang, at Karyamukti Village, the District of Campaka, Cianjur Regency. According to the result of survey of team who did an archaeological excavation and geoelectric surveys on the eastern slopes of the hill in March 2013, the structure of column andesite stone was found with near horizontal position elongated east-west. {fact}
"From the horizontal position of the column andesite rocks and its line direction, we can conclude with certainty that the column stones or" columnar joints "is not in a natural condition," said Danny H. Natawidjaja, Coordinator of The Independent Research Integrated Mount Padang Team in Jakarta, Tuesday (2/4). In excavation, the archaeological team which is led by Ali Akbar from the University of Indonesia found the evidence to confirm the hypothesis of team that there are man-made structures in the basement of Mount Padang. The building structure is the same as with the structure of the stone terrace which has been revealed and become cultural sites on the hill.
The excavation also found a filler material among the stones columns, also a stone column that had been shattered but styled and put together again by the filler material as ancient cement.
The ancient cement has also been found on canyon railroads between the porch steps one and two, and also on drill core samples from a depth of 1 to 15 meters of drilling conducted by the team in 2012 and then on the site.
The geologist team and also the centre coaches of Indonesian Association of Geologists centre, Andang Bachtiar discovered previously unknown facts about the composition of the site. The cement material has a primary composition of 45% of iron mineral and 41% of mineral silica. The rest is 14% clay minerals and there is also a carbon element. "This is a good composition for strong cement adhesive, perhaps combining between the concepts of resin or modern strong adhesive made from silica materials and the use of concentration of the iron element which become as brick amplifiers," said Danny H. Natawidjaja.
The high content of silica indicates that the cement is not the result of weathering of column andesite rocks which is surrounded by a poor of silica. Then, the levels of iron in nature, even in the rocks at the ore mineral mining, generally the content of iron is not more than 5%, so iron levels in "Gunung Padang cement" is many times higher than natural conditions. Therefore it can be concluded that material which is lied between the columns andesite stones are man-made grout. So the technology of that time seems to have known metallurgy. One common technique to obtain a high concentration of iron is to carry out the combustion process from the broken rocks with very high temperatures. Similar to the making of bricks, which burn caolinite and illite clays to produce a high concentration of iron on the brick, explain Andang.
Indications of ancient metallurgical technology is more strengthened by the findings of a lump of metal materials sized 10 inches by the team of Ali Akbar at the depth of 1 meter on the eastern slopes of Mount Padang. The rusty metal material possessed a rough surface with a hollow-small cavity on the surface. Presumably this material is a metal dough residue ("slug") that mixed with carbon material from the combustion of wood, coal or other. Cavities are likely to occur due to the release of CO2 when burning. The team will conduct further laboratory analysis to investigate.
The results of radiometric analysis of the content of the carbon element in some samples of cement in drill core from the depth of 5–15 meters which was conducted in 2012 at the prestigious Laboratory, BETALAB, Miami, USA in the mid-2012 shows its age with a range between 13,000 and 23,000 years BP. Previously, the results of carbon dating which carried out in the BATAN laboratory, the dominant quartz sand that fills the voids between the columns of andesite at the depth of 8–10 meters below the terrace of five also showed the same age range is about 13,000 years ago.
Data from drilling conducted by Andang Bachtiar and microscopic analyzes of rocks from drill core samples were carried out by Andri Subandrio, geologist of volcanic rocks of the Petrology laboratory ITB. it can be assured that the high resistivity body rock is andesite lava rock, the same rock type as the column of the site of mount Padang. {fact}
Another thing discovered from the petrological analysis is the finding of many microscopic cracks in the thin section of andesite stone columns that are allegedly non-natural because the cracks cut its constituent mineral crystals.
Danny H. Natawidjaja stated that mount Padang has same potency with Borobudur, even it is more meaningful because it can be a breakthrough of knowledge about "the cradle of civilizations" in this century, as a proof of the great monuments of the oldest civilizations in the glorious world that destroyed because of catastrophe thousands of years ago in the pre-history of Indonesia.
"It is not impossible anymore if Indonesia as archipelago nation has civilization as advanced as the ancient Egyptian civilization, even in the much older", said Danny H. Natawidjaja.[8]
The latest research found that the site consists of 4 layers, first layer age was 600 years BC, the second layer age was 4,900 years BC, and the third and the fourth layers are still being researched by Terpadu Mandiri (Indonesian Unified) Research Team.[9]

Refusal

Some people refuse the tomography research with coring the soil and torture 3 researchers, because the anarchist people think the coring will spoil the site and maybe trigger the landslide.[10]

References

External links


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