Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Best Evidence for an Atlantis Story from America




Usually credited to J Manson Valentine and reproduced by Charles Berlitz after its publication in Atlantis Mother of Empires by Stacy-Judd (Which is a very good book, although largely merely an amplification of Ignatius Donnelly's 1882 Atlantis the Antediluvian World )




"This amazing piece of ancient art once decorated the Mayan Temple at Tikal. It shows a man in a boat escaping from a land that is sinking into the ocean. A drowning man can be seen and a volcano erupts as a pyramid collapses into the water. Discovered and photographed by a German archeologist, it was taken to Berlin, but unfortuanately destroyed there during WW2"

However the story is clear enough already from what we know about Maya beliefs:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_religion

..(Snip).

Earth, sky, underworld


Horizontally, the earth is conceived in various ways: as a square with its four directional or, perhaps, solstice points, or as a circle without such fixed points. The square earth is sometimes imagined as a maize field, the circular earth as a turtle floating on the waters. Each direction has its own tree, bird, deity, colour, and aspect, in the highlands also its own mountain. Vertically, the sky is divided into thirteen layers, and Classic period deities are sometimes linked to one of the thirteen skies. By analogy with the 'Nine-God' mentioned together with the 'Thirteen-God' in the Chilam Balam book of Chumayel, the underworld is often assumed to have consisted of nine layers. However, the Popol Vuh does not know such a ninefold division, and Classic period references to layers of the underworld have not been identified.
In the world's centre is a tree of life (the yaxche 'ceiba')[60] that serves as a means of communication between the various spheres. In Palenque, the tree of life is a maize tree, just as the central world tree in the Borgia Codex; a curving bicephalic serpent hovers around it, which some believe to embody the ecliptic.[61] The king was probably identified with the tree of the centre and is usually shown to carry the bicephalic serpent as a ceremonial bar.
In the Classic period, earth and sky are visualized as horizontally extended serpents and dragons (often bicephalic, more rarely feathered) which serve as vehicles for deities and ancestors, and make these appear from their maws. Other serpents, shown as vertically rising, seem to connect the various spheres, perhaps to transport the subterranean or terrestrial waters to the sky. Dragons combine the features of serpent, crocodile, and deer, and may show 'star' signs; they have been variously identified as the nocturnal sky and as the Milky Way.

World endings and beginnings


Within the framework of the post-Classic cycle of thirteen katuns (the so-called 'Short Count'), some of the Yucatec Books of Chilam Balam present a deluge myth describing the collapse of the sky, the subsequent flood, and the re-establishment of the world and its five world trees upon the cycle's conclusion and resumption. The Lightning deity (Bolon Dzacab), the divine carriers of sky and earth (the Bacabs), and the Earth Crocodile (Itzam Cab Ain) all have a role to play in this cosmic drama, to which a much earlier, hieroglyphic text from Palenque's Temple XIX seems to allude.[62] The Quichean Popol Vuh does not mention the collapse of the sky and the establishment of the five trees, but focuses instead on a succession of previous mankinds, the last of which was destroyed by a flood.
For the Classic Mayas, the base date of the Long Count (4 Ahau 8 Cumku), following upon the completion of thirteen previous baktun eras, is thought to have been the focus of specific acts of creation.[63] Through the figures of two so-called 'Paddler Gods', the mythology of the Maya maize god appears to have been involved. References to 4 Ahau 8 Cumku events are few in number (the most important one occurring on Quirigua stela C), seemingly incoherent, and hard to interpret. They include an obscure conclave of seven deities in the underworld (among whom the deity Bolonyokte') and a concept of 'three stones' usually taken to refer to a cosmic hearth.

...(snip) [Emphasis added-DD]

File:ChacDresden.jpgChaac, Elephant-headed god, the Earth-shaker [Poseidon} that destroyed the previous world in a universal deluge

 

PADDLER-GODS

Also known as OLD-JAGUAR-PADDLER, OLD-STINGRAY-PADDLER

A picture showing the legend of PADDLER-GODS taken from our Mayan mythology archives. Illustration by Chas Saunders. Read the story below or search the index for more Mayan Gods, Mayan Goddesses, heroes, demons and monsters!

Two Canoe Gods in charge of Distribution and Logistics

There are times when even Gods have to paddle their own canoe. Well, some cargoes are too precious to end up the creek without a paddle. When there are souls to be ferried and corn distribution to be taken care of, you need to run a tight canoe.
Corn Gods don't do water, and without wheels it's waterways all the way. And guess who has right of way at all times?
Old Jaguar Paddler sits in the bow and streams through the night shift, and Old Stingray Paddler dabbles away from the stern to the daytime.
 
[Which sounds like these gods run a ferry service equivalent to Noah's Ark in this case]
 

Paddler Gods

An important pair of deities is the Paddler Gods, two gods depicted as paddlers of the divine canoe. The image is incised on a bone found in Burial 116 at Tikal in the Peten region of Guatemala, picturing the paddlers transporting the maize god in the canoe through the waters of the Underworld. A number of modern Mayanists claim that the canoe also serves as a visual metaphor for the Milky Way in the night sky, and the Paddler Gods journey through celestial world until arriving at the constellation of Orion, the original source of creation in the Maya universe.
The paddlers row on opposites ends of the canoe, designated by scholars as Old Jaguar Paddler at the front of the boat, and Old Stingray Paddler at the stern. The opposite ends also embody the extremes of day and night. The hieroglyph sign akbal, means "darkness", associated with Old Jaguar Paddler at the front. The k'in sign, "day", is associated with Old Stingray Paddler at stern.
In one version of creation, the Paddler Gods participate in the establishment of the Cosmic Hearth by setting the first of the three hearth stones (the primordial Jaguar Throne Stone) at Na-Ho-Chan, "First-Five-Sky." Old Jaguar Paddler wears the headdress of a jaguar's head, covered with black spots. Since the god is old though, he has no teeth.
The pair also shares an association with serpent imagery, which often channeled the manifestation of visions conjured by dead ancestors and deities during ritual bloodletting sacrifices. In scenes of bloodletting, the Paddlers appear to form out of the wisps of mystical clouds, each at opposite ends of a serpents jaws. Other images incorporate the Paddlers in ceremonial bars, whereby the Paddlers emerge from the mouths of serpents on opposite sides of the bar. Old Stingray Paddler wears stingray spines and bones in the nasal septum, a device used to draw blood during the ritual sacrifices.
Pawahtun (God N)
Pawahtun is the Atlas of Mayan deities. According to the 16th century Spanish bishop Diego de Landa, Pawahtun bore the responsibility of holding up the sky. The deity existed in four aspects as the world-bearers that supported the corners of the universe at the cardinal directions, also called the Bacabs, when serving as the world-bearers.
On Classic Period painted vessels, God N is frequently depicted as an old man wearing a turtle shell on his back with a netted cloth headdress. Pawahtun also appears in a state of intoxication accompanied by groups of beautiful young women. The following depiction might coincide with the dangerous five day period called Wayeb, a short time frame considered unlucky and hazardous among many Maya near the end of the year. The period perhaps reflects the precarious nature of Pawahtun's drunken stupor, an undesirable state for a deity holding up the sky. The god also served as the patron god of scribes.
I make the case that Pawahtun may have later inspired the mythic figure of Plato’s Atlantis, Atlas (a Greek Titan that held aloft the globe on his back), and that natives of the Americas (probably the Olmec) spoke of the Maya equivalent Pawahtun to visiting Phoenician sailors; the Phoenicians eventually brought those stories to the ancient Mediterranean. In the Chilam Balam texts of the Maya, Pawatun was said to have dropped the sky in a great cataclysm. See my page on In Search of Plato’s Real Atlantis for more information.
[Pawatun has also been related to the Poseidon of Plato]
 
 
The Fallen "Mid-Most Seers" of the Maya Popul Vuh Text
In the Popul Vuh, there is an intriguing passage that describes the “fall from grace” of the mythical Caeuc peoples, a descent that mirrors the spiritual decay of Plato’s Atlantics. The creator gods, jealous of the “genius” of the “mid-most seers”, partially blinded the farsight of the first ranking Quiche to be not quite so far but “nearby”.
Perfectly they saw, perfectly they knew every thing under the sky, whenever they looked. The moment they turned around and looked around in the sky, on the earth everything was seen without obstruction. They did not have to walk before they could see what was under the sky.... As they looked, their knowledge became intense. Their sight passed though trees, through rocks, through lakes, through seas, through mountains, through plants. Jaguar Quitze, Jaguar Night, Mahucutah, and True Jaguar were truly gifted people.” 
“They understood everything perfectly, they sighted the four sides, the four corners in the sky, on the earth, and this did not sound good to the builder and sculptor: ‘What our works and designs have said is no good: they understood too much. We have ‘understood everything great and small’ they said’…And so the Bearer, Begetter took back their knowledge: ‘What should we do with them now? Their vision should at least reach nearby, they should see at least a small part of the face of the earth, but what they're saying is not good. Are they not merely 'works' and 'designs' in their very names? Yet they will become as great as gods unless they procreate, proliferate at the sowing, the dawning, unless they increase.’ ‘So let it be this way: now we will take them apart just a little. What we have found is not good. Their deeds would become equal to ours.’”
The ability for the Caeuc to see without walking, and to “sight the four sides and four corners” of the sky and earth, appears to be a reference to the mapping of the globe and four cardinal directions by sea craft. Do these seafarers represent Plato's ambitious and power hungry Atlantics?

The Seven Lobed Cave of Origins and the Great Tollan

Within the many native legends of origin described by the Maya, Aztec, and Toltecs of central America, there is a place often described as the seven-fold cave or "Chicomoztoc" of origins, where the first people emerged. All of these myths have in common that a sacred cave and a great city, often called the "Great Tollan" or Aztlan amongst the Aztecs, lay somewhere out to the east, within the "sea of the rising sun."
Interestingly, Paulina Zelitsky, the discoverer of the stone city underwater off Cuba, has studied extensively a sacred cave on the Isle of Youth, just off the coast nearby, where numerous images of concentric circles are depicted. The cave consists of seven separate lobes, which directly mirrors many artistic depictions of the original "Chicomoztoc" cave in several Mayan and Aztec codices. Zelitsky herself, links the image of a cross found in the cave to a cross found on stones in the sunken city far below and believes whatever cultures inscribed the two symbols are somehow related. She does not link the city or culture to Atlantis, but recognizes the extreme age of the culture that built the city and drew the art. She prefers to attribute the structures and culture somehow to the Olmecs.
I'm not exactly sure what to make of the city. Edgar Cayce, the other most often cited source for Atlantis other than Plato, described that several major cities existed in the realm of "Poseidia". Cayce referred to the name Poseidia repeatedly in several life readings spread over many years, and used the name as a reference to those lands that made up the Caribbean portion of the Atlantis empire in what is now considered the Bahamas. Similarly, the Neoplatonist Proclus of the early Christian era refers to the rulership of Atlantis over the Hesperide Islands (another name for the Caribbean islands as per early explorers such as Christopher Columbus). Centuries after Proclus, the medieval scholar Honorius of Autun also referred to these lands (Hesperides) as being that of "sunken Atlantis".
Cayce mentions one city called "Amaki", which apparently represented a large center for fire worship in Poseidia; that city spread a powerful and popular fire cult throughout North America up the Mississippi as far as Wisconsin and Cayce himself attributes pyramidal mounds that still "survive" in Wisconsin to that very old cult. There is also mention of a city called the "Gate of Gold" that existed in Poseidia, which somehow seems to represent the excessive greed that the Atlanteans developed.
In comparison, the Greek historian, Theopompus, mentions two great cities that existed on the opposite continent across the great Ocean called separately "Pious" and "Warlike." Cayce also describes in one reading, a corrupt tyrant called Sonl that ruled over the "sacred Atlantean city of Peos" with "unlimited power" much "to soul's own undoing." The name, Peos, of course, does not sound very far off from Theomposus' "Pious"; the two different and opposite names then would seem to mirror the spiritual degeneration of Plato's Atlantics. Having lost their "inherent divine nature", or piousness as Theopompus implies, the Atlantics became "greedy" and "warlike" and sought to conquer the Mediterranean. Is the underwater city of Cuba "Pious" (Peos) or "Warlike" (Gate of Gold?)...who knows.
 
[Although the sunken city off of Cuba's west end is undoubtedly of the same culture and age as Plato's Atlantis, the details are all wrong for them to be identical (No elephants and no cattle). Therefore this author's speculations as to this being "the Real" Atlantis are valueless-DD]

3 comments:

  1. Is there really evidence of 'no elephants and no cattle'? I doubt it. These were extant across the Americas until the great cosmic destruction occurred. Thanks for a great article!

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    1. No, seriously, Biogeography is one of the key features in determining candidate locations for "The Real Atlantis". There is no trace of either cattle or elephants in Ice Age Cuba. On the other hand, remains of both have been dredged up from the North Atlantic sea bed and many theorists believe they would have used a transatlantic land bridge in pre-Ice Age times. So that means that the greater Antilles and Bimini are OUT on general principles while a sunken Atlantic Landmass is confirmed as being IN by the same token. And this is not something where you can assume data that is not represented for the greater Antilles because the area is generally faunally depleted in contrast to North and South America at the time anyway.

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  2. Very good article and great research!

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