Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Sunday, September 8, 2013

Algerian Paleolithic (Art and cultures)

100,000 years ago, Homo sapiens (man who knows) appears in Northern Africa. We do not know but there is little chance for it to be related to the Algerian erectus precedent. There are traces of old 60,000 years south of Tebessa in the field of Wadi Djebena near Bir el Pointe à soie atérienne (Beni Abbès)Ater (in Nememchas). Also Karouba near Mostaganem and the Sahel of Algiers.
This is Bir el Ater that is derived the name given to the culture of the North Africans: the Aterian Culture . Aterian these hominids had to hunt antelope, buffalo, gazelles and horses. Hunting large animals should be done in groups, which required social ties increasingly tight, going along with the evolution of the brain. We Biface acheuléen (Tihodaïne)found sophisticated tools such as scrapers, scrapers, punches and a kind of peak stones ancestor of the arrow or tanged points . The climate is drier and cooler, the vegetation is steppe south while that of the northern area is close to that of the current Var.
Grattoir à pédoncule de la période atérienne (Oued DjebbouaIt is el Guettar, in southern Tunisia and near the Algerian border, we found the oldest brand of worship in North Africa: a cluster of large balls of stones deposited near Lame denticulée de la période atérienne (Oued Asziouel)a source. Belief in a water spirit, perhaps?
The Aterian civilization to off - 25000 years (Cliff near Sidi Said Tipasa) replaced gradually to -22 000 years that the man Mechta el-Arbi also said Mechta Afalou .
Falaises rouges (Tipasa)
Man of Mechta el-Arbi or Homo sapiens sapiens
Things are accelerating and we're in the ninth millennium. Homo sapiens (Neanderthal type) has changed again and is now called Homo sapiens sapiens (the conscious man of his knowledge). Its fossil remains found in Mechta el-Arbi , close to Chelghoum Laïd, west of Constantine, to Afalou R'Mel Bou, near Bejaia, La Mouillah near Maghnia in western Algeria. The features of one recognizes this man of Middle Paleolithic Cro-Magnon species. The Man Mechta reached its peak -10000 BC. AD
Crâne de l'Homme de Cro-Magnon-40000 ans (France)In the early twentieth century, palaeontologists admitted to the generation of a prehistoric man maurusienne Ibero-line (mixture between Iberians came from the future Hispania and indigenous North Africans). This design is now out without certify a Berber descendants of these hardy men recalling our Cro-Magnon us. As it was difficult to atribuer a name, it has retained the designation of origin by removing the dash separator, so ibéromaurusiens. In Europe, this is the Age of Rennes, in Algeria, one could speak of that of the sheep as it is consumed. Techniques the size of the stone or bone, already well advanced, are similar although the Maghreb is to advance the use of micro-chisel: bone awls and needles, serrated flint blades, knives , axes. The first representations of forms occur: triangles, trapezoids, animal forms. The main habitat is protected under rocks, caves. Nomadism begins to shrink and the man of this time (semi-sedentary for H. erectus ) prefer to live near the sea or lakes. He also engaged in fishing, hunting (men) and gathering (women, children and disabled). The food consists of sheep, antelopes, gazelles, but also cat and jackal.
Usage d'ocres (actuel)

Culture ibéromaurusienne:
Belatedly, the use of ocher (yellow and red) for staining bodies, corpses and tools is demonstrated. Man is fundamentally religious and begins to lend properties to objects, plants, animals and ... to himself. If man Mechta is not an accomplished artist, was found a few unsophisticated ornaments and religious alleged use (stones, shells, bones, ostrich feathers). A Afalou Bou R'Mel or Columnata in Oran, the presence of graves dating back to 22-24000 years (archaic) to -9000 and they are more elaborate (deposits offerings), especially announcing future monuments (pile of stones , bones, and the first burial). It is possible that the Man of Mechta el-Arbi could survive until Neolithic and their descendants were able to populate the Canary Islands, giving the people of the Guanches.
Site ibéro-maurusien de Columnata (Sidi Hosni en Oranie)
The Capsienne Culture
Les Capsiens (fin paléolithique)
The Capsians earn the littoral zone until very late, overflowing the Ibero-maurusienne area
This is the eighth millennium the future Mediterranean culture really is her primary source. Indeed, another wave civilization whose traces were discovered in Gafsa ( Capsa Roman) in Tunisia, moved on the ruins of Aterian world without completely supplant since endure much longer. As Ginette Aumassip wrote: . The substrate is the probable descendant of Atlanthrope what man Mechta el-Arbi The Capsians , large, less robust therefore more slender, more slender and thinner than Aterian predecessors, perhaps came from the Middle East via Lower Egypt.
Pelorovis antiquus ou bubaleWe do not find their traces in Algeria and the interior and in the eastern part of the country to El Outeb to Relilaï to Mta Dra el Ma el Abiod, these sites show the presence of snaileries and Ashtrays, or ramâdiyyât with kitchen waste from destroyed homes. You can read the power of the time, a lot of shellfish, the horse, the sheep, wild boar, zebra and antelope bighead or hartebeest antelope ( Alcelaphus buselaphus ).
Note: Do not confuse and hartebeest hartebeest, large bovine (Pelorovis antiquus) so represented in the rock carvings we qualify this time period bubaline.
Pendeloque en os poli du Capsien supérieur (Mechta el-Arbi)It is in the art of ornament that distinguish the Capsians who invent a real decorative style: perforated shells, shells of ostrich eggs (used to the Punic!), Sea urchin shells, perforated vertebrae teeth, stones, turtle shells, natural pearls or bones ... but also tools such as
 thin slices of flint. The Capsians use their industrial waste as Gravure sur pierre fin paléolithique capsienjewelry (necklaces and bracelets of beads broken pottery). Stone engraving (Khanghet el-Mouhaad) announces wall art, stone sculpture appears a little later (El-Mekta). Towards the end of Capsian and the edge of the Neolithic, the ocher will be used to highlight the contours of the parietal engravings.
The graves enjoying decorative art (tapestry of plants, baskets, coated with kaolin). Ceramics made his first appearances in the Tassili n'Ajjer from the eighth century (before Christ). Much later, we noted the presence on the coast but it is still heavy and coarse, sparsely decorated (Tiaret).
Religious expands as much as the cultural, without having proof of a religion itself. Note the practice of the removal of the upper incisors, but sometimes less, as a teenager. One might think that the sacrifice of a body part as it valuable time medicine has not yet come, the rest of the Order of the Sacred and the rites of passage from childhood to adulthood are still steeped in our minds and in our morals.
We are the transitional Mesolithic, and this mixture between ibéromaurusienne capsienne cultures, which already represents the bottom of the Maghreb Algerian settlement, announced the Neolithic revolution marked by the rock art in the Tassili n'Ajjer. A question that we can legitimately ask: the Ibéromaurusiens and Capsians have they had close ties to the point of establishing common marriages? The historian can not yet say, but nothing prevents us to believe with a certain strength of conviction.
Art rupestre période des têtes rondes (Tassili)

[The controversy continues as to what creature exactly is the "Bubalus" of the Saharan rock art,, and consequently the antiquity off the rock art itself. I still hold to the notion that the creature is Pelorovis and the rock art period is consequently latest Pleistocene, which is also consistent with the Archaeology as outlined in this article. Plese see also Darren Naish's article on the "Bubalus":

-Best Wishes, Dale D.]

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