Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Friday, July 19, 2013


[Description taken from the Phillip Coppens Internet site on Pyramids, link below]:

In a suburb of Mexico City sits a circular pyramid, partially covered by a lava field from the Xitle volcano. The pyramid of Cuicuilco rises to no more than 18 metres in height, though measures 120 metres in diameter. Excavated for the first time by Mexican archaeologist Manuel Gamio in 1917, the original height is estimated to have been 27 metres. Gamio discovered four galleries and a central staircase that went to the summit. The site was been dated to the 1st century AD, and is believed to have been the oldest pyramid structure in the New World – predating Teotihuacan, north of Mexico City. Cuicuilco may also have been the oldest city in the Valley of Mexico and was roughly contemporary with, and possibly interacting with, the Olmec civilization of the Gulf Coast. This already makes it highly important. Still, it is not a true pyramid, being rather a truncated conical mound, with a clay-and-rubble core faced with river boulders and basalt slabs. But despite not adhering to the “true” pyramid shape, it nevertheless is as controversial – if not more so – than several other true pyramids. According to translations of ancient Nahuatl, Cuicuilco can be interpreted as the “place of prayer” or the “place of the rainbow”. Cuicuilco was as a farming village, built up around the ceremonial centre that contained the pyramid. Population at the city’s peak is estimated at an impressive 20,000 people. Cuicuilco is, as mentioned, recognised as the oldest known civilisation of central highland Mesoamerica. Its founders were villagers dedicated to agricultural activities and developed a complex religious practice with a sophisticated ritual system that included making offerings of lithic and ceramic artefacts in their funerary practices. The town possessed the earliest hydraulic system of the region and a stele at the base of the pyramid shows glyphs that were associated to the agricultural cycle. Though recognised as “the oldest”, a central question was “how old”? National Geographic discussed Cuicuilco in 1923 (no. 44). In the 1922, Byron Cummings of the University of Arizona became interested in the structure when he learned that a geologist named George E. Hyde had estimated the age of the flow, the Pedregal lava flow, as being 7000 BC. This resulted in an obvious contradiction: how could a pyramid be 5000 years younger than the lava covering it? Cummings decided to confirm or deny and found 18 feet of sediment and ashes between the bottom of the Pedregal layer and the pavement surrounding the temple pyramid. He came up with 8500 years as the timeframe how long it would require to accumulate. If correct, it would make Cuilcuilco by far the oldest building in Mexico – and the oldest pyramid in the world. But immediately, there was a problem, for the pyramid had never been dated to 6050 BC, but considered to be after 450 BC.[The eruption of the volcano on the other hand had been dated to 8500 BC and the end of the Ice Age by earlier geological estimates and the wide range of dates at the site is commonly cited as an example of the irresponsibility of radioactive dating methods.-DD]
The dating of the Cuicuilco pyramid is in an appendix of Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings as possibly being a relic of an elder Ice-Age seafaring and mapmaking culture. Despite some reports to the contrary, Hapgood did indeed refer to Carbon-14 dates, and there is a legitimate "Oldest" C-14 date of 6500 BC from the sediments covering the pyramid. Farmers were certainly inhabiting the area where Cuicuilco is now at least as far back as 5000-8000 BC and growing squash, chilis, beans and earlier kinds of corn.
There was a network of drainage ditches and canal works also at the site.

A number of "Paleolithic-looking statuettes" on the lowest platform levels

Cuicuilco reconstruction above and below a view of the volcanic eruption which covered it in lava, and the skull of an "Iberian" type inhabitant (Megalith-builder type) from the levels before the eruption. My view is that since we know of agriculturaluists in the area 7000-9000 years ago, cannot some o them built Cuilcuilco as a variant of the  oldest round hill, conical mound, henge-and-ditch structures in Europe? there is an unaccounted for blank space in the archaeological record otherwise and the short chronology would seem to be much too short for the the rise and fall of cultures at Cuicuilco going by Cummings' statements that were much glossed over later by others.

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