Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Saturday, June 15, 2013

Coyote the Trickster

About a month ago I stumbled upon the information that the native Canary Islanders believed in a "Devil" in the form of a Wild Dog that bore the name Guayota. I immediately recognized that this was the traditional Native American Trickster figure, the wild dog Coyote, and merely in an unrecognizable alternate spelling of the name. The Trickster figure had been interpreted as "the Devil" by the Spanish Conquistadores, and far from the only time a native Trickster figure was branded as the equivalent to the Christian Devil. Another notable example is the Scandinavian God Loki, whose name is related to roots meaning "Fire" and again to "Logic"
This does mark the Atlantean Cultural package (Identified as the major element in the Canary Islanders by Lewis Spence) as containing the key element of a Trickster character in the form of a Wild Dog, Coyote or a Fox, Identified with the element of fire and with a form of creative genius that can have an element of Madness to it. The importance of this mythological element cannot be underestimated both as a cultural diffusion marker but also as showing how the native Atlantean mindset worked. Presumably the Atlantean Coyote was also a Psychopomp, involved in Sacred Mushroom myth, the bringer of fire but also the bringer of death and destruction. Likely he was the original for both the Egyptian Gods Set and Anubis.

Functional cognates, See also: Trickster

Coyote has been compared to both the Scandinavian Loki, and also Prometheus, who shared with Coyote the trick of having stolen fire from the gods as a gift for mankind, and Anansi, a mythological culture hero from Western African mythology. In Eurasia, rather than a coyote, a fox is often featured as a trickster hero, ranging from kitsune (fox) tales in Japan to the Reynard cycle in Western Europe. Similarities can also be drawn with another trickster, the Polynesian demigod Māui, who also stole fire for mankind and introduced death to the world.
Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist proposed a structuralist theory that suggests that Coyote and Crow obtained mythic status because they are mediator animals between life and death.


The trickster deity breaks the rules of the gods or nature, sometimes maliciously (for example, Loki) but usually with ultimately positive effects (though the trickster's initial intentions may have been either positive or negative). Often, the bending/breaking of rules takes the form of tricks (e.g. Eris) or thievery. Tricksters can be cunning or foolish or both; they are often funny even when considered sacred or performing important cultural tasks. ...
In many cultures, (as may be seen in Greek, Norse, or Slavic folktales, along with Native American/First Nations lore), the trickster and the culture hero are often combined. To illustrate: Prometheus, in Greek mythology, stole fire from the gods to give to humans. He is more of a culture hero than a trickster. In many Native American and First Nations mythologies, the coyote (Southwestern United States) or raven (Pacific Northwest, coastal British Columbia, Alaska and Russian Far East) stole fire from the gods (stars, moon, and/or sun) and are more tricksters than culture heroes. This is primarily because of other stories involving these spirits: Prometheus was a Titan, whereas the Coyote spirit and Raven spirit are usually seen as jokesters and pranksters. Examples of Tricksters in the world mythologies are given by Hansen (2001), who lists Mercurius in Roman mythology, Hermes in Greek mythology, Eshu in Yoruba mythology and Wakdjunga in Winnebago mythology as examples of the Trickster archetype. Hansen makes the observation that the Trickster is nearly always a male figure.

Reynard (French: Renart; German: Reineke; Dutch: Reinaert) is a literary cycle of allegorical French, Dutch, English, and German fables largely concerned with Reynard, an anthropomorphic red fox and trickster figure....
 An extensive treatment of the character is the Old French Le Roman de Renart written by Pierre de Saint-Cloud around 1170, which sets the typical setting. Reynard has been summoned to the court of king Noble, or Leo, the Lion, to answer charges brought against him by Isengrim the Wolf. Other anthropomorphic animals, including Bruin the Bear, Baldwin the Ass, Tibert (Tybalt) the Cat, all attempt one stratagem or another. The stories typically involve satire whose usual butts are the aristocracy and the clergy, making Reynard a peasant-hero character.

In Norse mythology, Loki, Loptr, or Hveðrungr is a god or jötunn (or both). Loki is the son of Fárbauti and Laufey, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr. By the jötunn Angrboða, Loki is the father of Hel, the wolf Fenrir, and the world serpent Jörmungandr. By his wife Sigyn, Loki is the father of Narfi and/or Nari. And by the stallion Svaðilfari, Loki is the mother—giving birth in the form of a mare—to the eight-legged horse Sleipnir. In addition, Loki is referred to as the father of Váli in the Prose Edda.
Loki's relation with the gods varies by source. Loki sometimes assists the gods and sometimes causes problems for them. Loki is a shape shifter and in separate incidents he appears in the form of a salmon, mare, seal, a fly, and possibly an elderly woman. Loki's positive relations with the gods end with his role in engineering the death of the god Baldr. Loki is eventually bound by the gods with the entrails of one of his sons.
In both the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda, the goddess Skaði is responsible for placing a serpent above him while he is bound. The serpent drips venom from above him that Sigyn collects into a bowl; however, she must empty the bowl when it is full, and the venom that drips in the mean time causes Loki to writhe in pain, thereby causing earthquakes. With the onset of Ragnarök, Loki is foretold to slip free from his bonds and to fight against the gods among the forces of the jötnar, at which time he will encounter the god Heimdallr and the two will slay each other.
Loki is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources; the Prose Edda and Heimskringla, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson; the Norwegian Rune Poems, in the poetry of skalds, and in Scandinavian folklore. Loki may be depicted on the Snaptun Stone, the Kirkby Stephen Stone, and the Gosforth Cross. Loki's origins and role in Norse mythology, which some scholars have described as that of a trickster god, have been much debated by scholars.
File:Odin and Fenris.jpg

[The destructive giant wolf Fenris that is called Loki's son may also be seen as the ultimate manifestation of Loki and involved in the events which destroy the Earth in Ragnarok. Loki is also closely identified with fire, which is likely also to be a reference to the Red Fox  AKA the "Torch"-DD]

[The Trickster Coyote continues on in the Roadrunner cartoons with his actions purposefully restricted to the attacks upon the Roadrunner: the coyote's nature and personality remain much the same as in the Native American tradition-DD]

[When all is said and done, Set and Anubis seem to be alternate forms of the same original god, and the visual differences between the two were deliberate alterations to keep the two separated later on in dynastic Egyptian history.] 
Set or Seth is of course also often spoken of as the equivalent to the Devil.

1 comment:

  1. HA!
    i LOVE the way you tie all these things together.
    you keep my Eyes Wide Open on a regular basis
    .Mucho thanx.


This blog does NOT allow anonymous comments. All comments are moderated to filter out abusive and vulgar language and any posts indulging in abusive and insulting language shall be deleted without any further discussion.