What is also interesting is that there is a movement into both the Eastern US and into Southeastern Brazil in South America in the period of 12-15000 years ago (10000 to 13000 BC) as shown in the light green circles, which is to say once again from the Atlantic headed inland, as well as a secondary use of the Bering strait at the same time (Evidently being C and D at this time, as well as a movement of some A (possibly also some B) FROM North America back to Siberia, with some of the later, modified-A coming back into North America in the postglacial period of 9000 to 7000 years ago.(7000 to 5000 BC, the last date being near to the Black Sea Flood, which is also the latest date for a Bering land bridge as measured by C14). The moves into and out of Asia again are marked archaeologically when some Siberian finds of Plano (Advanced-Clovis-tradition) are found without any more primitive local predecessors. I am assuming that the "Orange" circles in the Eastern US represent Solutreans having crossed over from Europe, and their foreunners in other stone tool traditins, if any went by the same TransAtlantic route. The Eastern Seaboard dates shown here are in good agrement with the proposed dates for invasions out of Atlantis suggested by Lewis Spence and also with the stepwise increase in Sealevel (or Superfloods) as proposed by Graham Hancock, etc.
World map of human migrations, with the North Pole at center. Africa, harboring the start of the migration, is at the top left and South America at the far right. Migration patterns are based on studies of mitochondrial (matrilinear) DNA.
Numbers represent thousand years before present.
The blue line represents area covered in ice or tundra during the last great ice age.
The letters are the mitochondrial DNA haplogroups (pure motherly lineages); Haplogroups can be used to define genetic populations and are often geographically orientated.
For example, the following are common divisions for mtDNA haplogroups:
- African: L, L1, L2, L3, L3
- Near Eastern: J, N (Note, N is composed of A,B,F,H,I,J,K,P,R,S,T,U,V,W and X)
- Southern European: J, K
- General European: H, V
- Northern European: T, U, X
- Asian: A, B, C, D, E, F, G (note: M is composed of C, D, E, G, Q and Z)
- Native American: A, B, C, D, N and sometimes X
|Mitochondrial Eve (L)|
|Decamp's Drawing of Louis Spence's Atlantis|