Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Thursday, August 30, 2012

'Mysterious' Baltic Sea Object Is a Glacial Deposit

'Mysterious' Baltic Sea Object Is a Glacial Deposit

By Natalie Wolchover | LiveScience.com6 hrs ago

Illustration (NOT a photograph) of the Baltic Sea object that Peter Lindberg described as "the closest [depiction] so far."
A feature on the floor of the Baltic Sea that was discovered last summer by Swedish treasure hunters is making headlines once again. The latest media coverage draws upon an hour-long radio interview with Peter Lindberg, head of the Ocean X Team (which made the "discovery"), in which Lindberg delivers a string of cryptic and titillating statements about the "strange" and "mysterious" seafloor object his team has been exploring for a year.
Lindberg discusses various possibilities for what the object might be: "It has these very strange stair formations, and if it is constructed, it must be constructed tens of thousands of years ago before the Ice Age," he said in the radio interview. (The peak of the most recent Ice Age occurred some 20,000 years ago.)
"If this is Atlantis, that would be quite amazing," he said. Atlantis is a mythical underwater city referred to in ancient legends.
Lindberg acknowledges that the object could instead be a natural formation, such as a meteorite that penetrated the ice during the Ice Age, or an underwater volcano; however, he gives the impression that scientists are baffled by it. Geologists, for example, have supposedly told him the object "cannot be a volcano." [Image Album: Baltic Sea 'Anomaly']
Also adding titillation, Lindberg says a documentary is being made about the seafloor anomaly — the location of which he has not disclosed — and he's saving some juicy details for the footage. "We're not telling everything," he said. "We will reveal some quite interesting things in the documentary."

The divers recently gave samples of stone from the object to Volker Brüchert, an associate professor of geology at Stockholm University. Swedish tabloids quote Brüchert as saying: "I was surprised when I researched the material I found a great black stone that could be a volcanic rock. My hypothesis is that this object, this structure was formed during the Ice Age many thousands of years ago."
In other words, an expert appears to back up their claims that this seafloor object is unexplained, and perhaps is an Atlantis-like ancient building complex. To double check, Life's Little Mysteries consulted that expert. Turns out, neither he, nor any of the other experts contacted about the Baltic Sea object, think there is anything mysterious about it.
"It's good to hear critical voices about this 'Baltic Sea mystery,'" Brüchert wrote in an email. "What has been generously ignored by the Ocean-X team is that most of the samples they have brought up from the sea bottom are granites and gneisses and sandstones."
These, he explains, are exactly what one would expect to see in a glacial basin, which is what the Baltic Sea is — a region carved out by glacial ice long ago.
Along with the mundane rocks, the divers also gave him a single loose piece of basaltic rock, a type of rock that forms from hardened lava. This is out of place on the seafloor, but not unusual. "Because the whole northern Baltic region is so heavily influenced by glacial thawing processes, both the feature and the rock samples are likely to have formed in connection with glacial and postglacial processes," he wrote. "Possibly these rocks were transported there by glaciers."
Glaciers often have rocks embedded in them. At the end of the Ice Age, when glaciers across Northern Europe melted, the rocks inside them dropped to the Earth's surface, leaving rocky deposits all over the place. These are sometimes called glacial erratics or balancing rocks. [Gallery of the Weirdest Balancing Rocks]
Lindberg and the Ocean X Team did not respond to a request for comment on the glacial deposit theory.
Aside from a widely-reproduced illustration recently created by a graphics artist in which the Baltic seafloor object is rendered as a beautiful, Atlantis-like archaeological site, there has only ever been one actual image of the Baltic Sea object: the original sonar scan image captured by the divers last summer, in which the object resembles a crashed UFO spaceship. But experts told us that sonar image should be disregarded.
"The sonar image has numerous artifacts in it that make it difficult to interpret, and I would not place too much confidence in any interpretation until a better processing is done and the details of the type of sonar and particulars are provided," said seabed sonar-scanning expert Dan Fornari, a marine geologist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts. "I'm saying the data are lacking in resolution, detail and quantification."
The expert analysis suggests this is just a glacial deposit that the Ocean X Team "discovered" in a low-resolution sonar scan. Widespread media coverage, fame and a worldwide Internet following have since ensued. Lindberg laments the fact that no organizations will sponsor his investigation. Some organizations have supposedly told him funding the dives isn't worth their time because the anomaly "might be something very unexplainable." He asks people to support his and his fellow divers' work by purchasing apparel from the Ocean X website.

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Archeology: Prehistoric rock art found in caves on Terceira Island – Azores

Archeology: Prehistoric rock art found in caves on Terceira Island – Azores

By Carolina Matos, Editor (*)
The president of the Portuguese Association of Archeological Research (APIA), Nuno Ribeiro, revealed Monday having found rock art on the island of Terceira, supporting his believe that human occupation of the Azores predates the arrival of the Portuguese by many thousands of years, Lusa reported.
“We have found a rock art site with representations we believe can be dated back to the Bronze Age,” Ribeiro told Lusa in Ponta Delgada, at a presentation in University of the Azores on the topic of early human occupation of the Azores.
The oldest cave art known in Europe is of prehistoric origin, dating back to approximately 40,000 years ago.
In the last three years, Ribeiro has been claiming that archeological remains of structures discovered on several Azorean islands are of pre-Portuguese origin by its architecture and construction.
“We have an epigraph from Roman times, according to two scientists who were invited to interpret the inscription, a cave art site, megalithic structures, and an important set of structures scattered throughout the islands that need to be interpreted in new ways,” he said.
“In some cases, we believe that there are temples and hypogea. We have no doubt that there are sanctuaries,” he said, remarking that data still needs to be dated.
Ribeiro also said that the archeological research findings in the Azores have been published in scientific articles and presented at international conferences on archeology, and have received “great acceptance among the international scientific community.”
Ribeiro has alleged before that the time of human settlement in the Azores may not be what history says, but a different one based on the archeological evidence found on the archipelago recently.


Archeologist Nuno Ribeiro researching in the Azores.
He has claimed to have found in the Azores a significant number of ancient ruins from the fourth century BC. Based on these findings, he believes, it is possible to establish that human presence in the Azores precedes the Portuguese occupation of the islands in the fifteen century.
In a interview in progress for the Portuguese American Journal, Nuno Ribeiro spoke of his claims and how he was led to his findings. It all started because he had always been interested in the topic of the “discovery” of the Azores. He said, “The factor that triggered this whole process was a leisure trip I made to the Azores with my wife in the summer of 2010 to the islands of Terceira and Corvo.”
Of his interest for doing research in the Azores, he stated, “Obviously I had studied the legends, the various reports of the discovery of the Islands and especially, had previously studied the toponymy. I thought I had to visit Mount Brazil, because of the legends associated with the name of the place.”
It was in July 2011, that Ribeiro and Anabela Joaquinino, both archaeologists from Lisbon-based Portuguese Association of Archeological Research (APIA), revealed to have found, in Monte Brasil, Angra do Heroismo, Terceira island, a significant number of fourth century BC Carthaginian temples. They believe the temples were dedicated to the ancient goddess Tanit.
Reportedly, the monuments have parallels in the Mediterranean world, namely in the Greek and Carthaginian cultures, where they were used for burials. The old monuments are believed to be over 2000 years old.
In addition, they had claimed to have found ancient rock carvings on Terceira and São Miguel islands; Sunni inscriptions were discovered on São Miguel and Terceira islands and dozens of pre-Christian hypogea uncovered on the islands of Terceira and Corvo. Similar findings were also reported on the islands of Santa Maria and Flores. Yet, according to Ribeiro, “The investigation in the Azores can be said to have not yet begun.”
He presented the first data at the SOMA Mediterranean Archaeology Congress in March 2011, at the University of Catania (Italy) and the 2011 SEAC Congress in Évora (Portugal).
After such astonishing revelations, a research project presented in March 2011 to the Regional Government of Azores still waits funding and Ribeiro is the first one to acknowledge that there are more doubts that certainty. Although he may hold enough evidence to support his claim, very little is still known.
Nuno Ribeiro, 40, was born in Lisbon. He is completing a Ph.D. in Prehistory and Ancient History at the University of Salamanca (Spain) and the Autonomous University of Lisbon (Portugal). His area of research is the Proto-History and Rock Art. He is responsible for creating the first Centre of Interpretation of Rock Art, non-government in Portugal, in Vide-Seia. The Research Centre was established by the Portuguese Association of Archaeological Research (APIA) in 2008. Currently, he is the president of the institution since its founding in 1998.

Related Posts

(*) Carolina Matos is the founder and editor of Portuguese American Journal online. She was the Editor–in-Chief for The Portuguese American Journal, in print, from 1985 to 1995. From 1995 to 2010, she was a consultant for Lisbon based Luso-American Development Foundation (FLAD). She graduated with a Bachelor’s Degree in Liberal Arts and a Master’s Degree in English and Education from Brown University and holds a Doctorate in Education from Lesley University. She is also an adjunct professor at Lesley University where she has taught undergraduate and graduate courses. In 2004, Carolina Matos was honored with the Comenda da Ordem do Infante D. Henrique presented by Jorge Sampaio, President of Portugal.

So it seems that there are still structures on the Azores like the temples of Malta and Megalithic Iberia, and rock art much like the Capsian or Epipaleolithic type. This is quite good to know!
In the picture above, the Hypogea are artificial caves cut into the rock with round doorways and meant as temples or tombs. This site seems to have a large mural featuring whales and dolphins, sea serpents and giant squids, ordinary quadrupeds like horses or dogs, ships and some particular birdman figures reminiscent of Easter Island. It is rather like a Bronze Age rock art site from Scandinavia crossed with a midieval map full of Sea Monsters. I will have to await a full cataloguing of these carved symbols and photos but this looks intensely interesting and the artwork could easily be as old as the rock art in the Iberian peninsula or the Sahara, which it generally resembles but with a different selection of subjects.

That New Fossil Skull from Laos

By Way of Don Jeffrey Meldrum on Facebook:

Here is a scan of the Laos skull from the appendices of the PNAS paper. There are reportedly numerous caves in the region and future research will be directed at conducting surveys of additional caves. Can't wait to see what is recovered. ( D J Meldrum comment)

Actually the skull is very like a series of skulls already known to be very ancient, probably of Neanderthal age, and found in China: these skulls are also very much like some early Australian skulls.

A uranium date of 67 000 years was reported but has been questioned on the basis of its exact location in relation to dated geological strata. In December 2002 a Chinese group headed by geologist Shen Guanjun reported their reinvestigation of the stratigraphy of the cave and dating of the skull (extending to several neighbouring caves) and claim it should be placed in a time bracket between 70 000 and 130 000 and not less than 68 000 years ago.
The skull was found in a so-called intrusive breccia a secondary flow of debris containing jumbled material of different ages. From their paper in the prestigious Journal of Human Evolution the lower date bracket of 68 000 years seems solid since it comes from multiple date estimates of the flowstone above and covering the breccia. (A flowstone forms when flowing water deposits calcite down a wall or across a floor.) Their preferred dating of 111 000–139 000 years ago based on unstratified fragments of flowstone and calcite within the breccia seems more speculative.

Text from:

So it would seem this skull is merely one more in an already-recognised population

In the meantime, here is also another statement about another recent new find with an over-inflated claim to unique species status:

 The Pleistocene Scene – A.P. Van Arsdale Blog

Longlin fossils

I said in a post the other day that I am largely unsympathetic to arguments for excessive speciation throughout the Pleistocene. The news this week from “Red Deer Cave” or Longlin Cave in SW China does not change that. These discoveries (actually documentation of fossils recovered in 1979) have gotten a lot of attention in the news media, and I am a little baffled. As an example, The New Scientist story on the PLOSone paper describing the fossils is titled, “Chinese human fossils unlike any known species.” But they are. They are like recent modern humans from East Asia. Something the paper’s analysis also seems to strongly suggest. Here are two photos of LL1 (on the right) alongside a late Pleistocene/Holocene skull from the Upper Cave of Zhoukoudian, another Chinese fossil locality (on the left).

I should caution that these photos are necessarily not to scale, my attempt is only to highlight relative similarity. But much of the variation above parallels the kind of variation we see between male (on the left) and female (on the right) modern human crania.
In this second photo I have highlighted several regions of the maxillary/zygomatic that appear, based on the picture, to have fractures which potentially disrupt the reconstruction. I highlight these, because in the paper’s analysis, it is measurements that focus heavily on this part of the skull that provide the primary metric argument for this specimen being anything other than an early modern human skull from East Asia.

I am open to ideas about high levels of population structure and complex and changing regional population dynamics and the more fossil evidence we have to demonstrate this complexity late in the Pleistocene the better. But I am skeptical of quotes like this:
“These new fossils might be of a previously unknown species, one that survived until the very end of the Ice Age around 11,000 years ago,” says Professor Curnoe.
1. Curnoe D , Xueping J , Herries AIR , Kanning B , Taçon PSC , et al. (2012) Human Remains from the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition of Southwest China Suggest a Complex Evolutionary History for East Asians. PLoS ONE 7(3): e31918. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031918

Sunday, August 26, 2012

Early Clovis Settlements

Friday, August 24, 2012

Cro Magnon Wampum

Lewis Spence in such books as Atlantis in America and his other Atlantis books mentioned that from some CroMagnon burials it seemed that they were keen on making many beads into running strands of wampum. Wampum was used in parts of America, particularly in the eastern Woodlands area, as a sort offcial documentation of important agreements and a solemn exchange -which the white men took to mean the same thing as money and so translated the term. I think from the remains that Spence was probably right and the CroMagnon beads were ordinarily shell beads like ordinary Wampum: the idea deriving from even older use of shell beads in Africa. But CroMagnons definitely made a much bigger deal out of beadwork and added the variation of using ivory beads, as shown in this example. It also does seem there was some cognitive association between making Wampum, and the use of quipus and abacuses (Wikipedia suggests the link) and that Wampum was used for documents encoding a type of "Protowriting". I have no problem with the idea that the entire system of wampum making, symbolism, and use comes directly from Atlantis, and that the beads have been in use since the Arachaic period, just not recognised in most Archaeological contexts.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wampum are traditional sacred shell beads of the Eastern Woodlands tribes of the indigenous people of North America. Wampum include the white shell beads fashioned from the North Atlantic channeled whelk shell; and the white and purple beads made from the quahog, or Western North Atlantic hard-shelled clam. Woven belts of wampum have been created to commemorate treaties or historical events, and for exchange in personal social transactions, such as marriages. In colonial North America, European colonists often used wampum as currency for trading with Native Americans.

Quahog and whelk wampum made by Elizabeth James Perry (Aquinnah Wampanoag/Eastern Band Cherokee), c. 2009


Description and manufacture

The term initially referred to only the white beads, which are made of the inner spiral, or columella, of the Channeled whelk shell, Busycotypus canaliculatus or Busycotypus carica.[1] Sewant or suckauhock beads are the black or purple shell beads made from the quahog or poquahock clamshell, Mercenaria mercenaria. Common terms for the dark and white beads, often confused, are wampi (white) and saki (dark).[2]

The white beads are made from the inner spiral of the channeled whelk shell.
In the area of present New York Bay, the clams and whelks used for making wampum are found only along Long Island Sound and Narragansett Bay. The Lenape name for Long Island is Sewanacky, reflecting its connection to the dark wampum.
Typically wampum beads are tubular in shape, often a quarter of an inch long and an eighth inch wide. One 17th-century Seneca wampum belt featured beads almost 2.5 inches (65 mm) long.[1] Women artisans traditionally made wampum beads by rounding small pieces of the shells of whelks, then piercing them with a hole before stringing them.
Wooden pump drills with quartz drill bits and steatite weights were used to drill the shells. The unfinished beads would be strung together and rolled on a grinding stone with water and sand, until they were smooth. The beads would be strung or woven on deer hide thongs, sinew, milkweed bast, or basswood fibers.[3]


The term "wampum" is a shortening of the earlier word "wampumpeag", which is derived from the Massachusett or Narragansett word meaning "white strings [of shell beads]".[3][4] The Proto-Algonquian reconstructed form is *wa·p-a·py-aki, "white-string-plural."[5]
In New York, wampum beads have been discovered that date from before 1510.[1] The Haudenosaunee Great Law of Peace, the founding constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy, was codified in a series of wampum belts, now held by the Onondaga Nation. The oral history of the Haudenosaunee says that Ayenwatha, a cannibal who was reformed by the Great Peacemaker, invented wampum to comfort himself. The Peacemaker uses wampum to record and relay messages.[6] The League of the Iroquois was founded, according to some estimates, in 1142.[7] Others place its origin as likely in the 15th or 16th centuries.
The introduction of European metal tools revolutionized the production of wampum; by the mid-seventeenth century production numbered in the tens of millions of beads. [8] Upon discovering the importance of wampum as a unit of exchange among tribes, Dutch colonists mass-produced wampum in workshops. John Campbell established such a factory in Passaic, New Jersey, which manufactured wampum into the early 20th century.[1]


Wampum is used to mark exchanges for engagement, marriage, and betrothal agreements, as well as for ceremony and condolence ceremonies. In earlier centuries, Lenape girls would wear wampum to show their eligibility for marriage. After marriage had been arranged, a Lenape suitor would give his fiancé and her family gifts of wampum.[1]
Perhaps because of its origin as a memory aid, loose beads were not considered to be high in value. Rather it is the belts in total that are wampum. Belts of wampum were not produced until after European contact.[citation needed] A typically large belt of six feet (2 m) in length might contain 6000 beads or more. More importantly, such a belt would be very sacred, as it contained so many memories. Wampum belts were used as a memory aid in Oral tradition, where the wampum was a token representing a memory. Belts were also sometimes used as badges of office or as ceremonial devices of indigenous culture, such as the Iroquois. They were traded widely to tribes in Canada, the Great Lakes region, and the mid-Atlantic.


When Europeans came to the Americas, they realized the importance of wampum to Native people. While the Native people did not use it as money, the New England colonies used it as a medium of exchange. Soon, they were trading with the native peoples of New England and New York using wampum. The New England colonies demonetized wampum in 1663.[9] Meanwhile it continued as currency in New York at the rate of eight white or four black wampum equalling one stuiver until 1673. The colonial government issued a proclamation setting the rate at six white or three black to one penny. This proclamation also applied in New Jersey and Delaware.[10] The black shells were considered worth more than the white shells, which led people to dye the latter, and diluted the value of the shells. The ultimate basis for their value was their redeemability for pelts from the Native Americans. As Native Americans became reluctant to exchange pelts for the shells, the shells lost value.[11]
Their use as common currency was phased out in New York by the early 18th century. Shinnecock oral history ascribed the wampum market demise to a deadly red tide that decimated the whelk and quahog populations.
With stone tools, the process to make wampum was labor intensive. Only the coastal nations had sufficient access to the basic shells to make wampum. These factors increased its scarcity and consequent value among the European traders. Dutch colonists began to manufacture wampum and eventually the primary source of wampum was that manufactured by colonists, a market the Dutch glutted.
Writing about tribes in Virginia in 1705, Robert Beverley, Jr. of Virginia Colony describes peak as referring to the white shell bead, valued at 9 pence a yard, and wampom peak as denoting specifically the more expensive dark purple shell bead, at the rate of 1 shilling and 6 pence (18 pence) per yard. He says that these polished shells with drilled holes are made from the cunk (conch), while another currency of lesser value, called roenoke was fashioned from the cockleshell.[12]


Wampum belt given to William Penn at the "Great Treaty" in 1682
The American William James Sidis wrote in his 1935 history;
"The weaving of wampum belts is a sort of writing by means of belts of colored beads, in which the various designs of beads denoted different ideas according to a definitely accepted system, which could be read by anyone acquainted with wampum language, irrespective of what the spoken language is. Records and treaties are kept in this manner, and individuals could write letters to one another in this way."[13]
Wampum is also used for storytelling. The symbols used told a story in the oral tradition or spoken word. Since there was no written language, wampum was a very important means of keeping records and passing down stories to the next generation. Wampum was durable and so could be carried over a long distance.

Recent developments

The National Museum of the American Indian repatriated eleven wampum belts to Haudenosaunee chiefs at the Onondaga Longhouse Six Nations Reserve in New York. Sacred to the Longhouse religion, these belts dated to the late 18th century. They had been away from their tribes for over a century.[1]
Cayuga, Shinnecock, Wampanoag, and other Northeastern Woodland tribes still use wampum today. The Seneca Nation commissioned replicas of five historic wampum belts completed in 2008. Artists continue to weave belts of a historical nature as well as designing original belts based on contemporary concepts.[3]

Symbolic use

The flag of the Iroquois Confederacy is a wampum-belt design. Wampum is also part of the Coat of arms of New Brunswick.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Dubin, Lois Sherr. North American Indian Jewelry and Adornment: From Prehistory to the Present. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999: 170-171. ISBN 0-8109-3689-5.
  2. ^ Geary, Theresa Flores. The Illustrated Bead Bible. London: Kensington Publications, 2008: 305. ISBN 978-1-4027-2353-7.
  3. ^ a b c Perry, Elizabeth James. About the Art of Wampum. Original Wampum Art: Elizabeth James Perry. 2008 (retrieved 14 March 2009)
  4. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Wampum". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
  5. ^ "Wampumpeag". Unabridged. Random House, Inc. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
  6. ^ Gawyehnehshehgowa: Great Law of Peace. Degiya'göh Resources. (retrieved 14 March 2009)
  7. ^ Johansen, Bruce E. "Dating the Iroquois Confederacy", Akwesasne Notes, Fall 1995, Volume 1, 3 & 4, pp. 62-63. (retrieved through, 14 March 2009)
  8. ^ Otto, Paul [1] "Henry Hudson, the Munsees, and the Wampum Revolution" (retrieved 5 September 2011)
  9. ^ Oberg, Michael Leroy. Uncas, First of the Mohegans. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003: 158. ISBN 0-8014-3877-2.
  10. ^ Samuel Smith, The History of New Jersey p. 76
  11. ^ Galbraith JK. (1975). Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went. pp. 47-48. Houghton Mifflin Company.
  12. ^ Robert Beverley, The History and Present State of Virginia
  13. ^ William James Sidis, The Tribes And The States: 100,000-Year History of North America

External links

  • Wampum article, Iroquois Indian Museum
  • Wampum History and Background
  • "The Tribes And The States: 100,000-Year History of North America"
  • X-ray showing inner spiral and entire shell of the Busycotypus Canaliculatus - Channeled Whelk Shell, Europa
  • "Money Substitutes in New Netherland and Early New York", Coins, University of North Dakota
  • Thursday, August 23, 2012

    Wonderful Indian Architecture, Submitted by Teresa Drusin

    भारतीय वास्तुकला (Wonderful Indian Architecture)
    From the Facebook page

    Ancient connections: This is not a sheer coincidence!
    Left is Baksei Chamkrong is a small Hindu Shiva temple located in the Angkor complex (Siem Reap, Cambodia).
    [Right] pyramid 12 at Tikal, Guatemala
    Baffling Links to Ancient India: History is full of misnomers; one such term is the New World, as applied to the Americas. The landing of Columbus in 1492 undoubtedly created a new life on the contin...
    ents, but it neither created nor discovered a new world. Many centuries ago Asian migrants had come to the western shore in substantial numbers. What if the popular idea that Tibetans and American Indians have much in common in terms of their spiritual culture is largely a result of another historical scenario?
    What if Hindus and Hopis, Advantins and Aztecs, Tibetan Monks and Mayans were part of one world culture - a spiritual[ly-centered] one? Baron Alexander von Humbolt an eminent European scholar and anthropologist, was one of the first to postulate the Asiatic origin of the Indian civilizations of the Americas.
    Dr. Robert Heine Geldern anthropologist, has written that: "Those who believe the ancient peoples of Asia were incapable of crossing the ocean have completely lost sight of what the literary sources tell us concerning their ships and their navigation. Many of the peoples of Southeastern Asia had adopted Indian Hindu-Buddhist civilizations. The influences of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of southeast Asia in Mexico and particularly, among the Maya, are incredibly strong, and they have already disturbed some Americanists who don't like to see them but cannot deny them." "Ships that could cross the Indian Ocean were able to cross the Pacific too. Moreover, these ships were really larger and probably more sea-worthy than those of Columbus and Magellan."
    "Ships of size that carried Fahien from India to China (through stormy China water) were certainly capable of proceeding all the way to Mexico and Peru by crossing the Pacific. One thousand years before the birth of Columbus Indian ships were far superior to any made in Europe up to the 18th century."
    American born Swami B. V. Tripurari asks, "What mysterious psychological law would have caused Asians, and Americans to both use the umbrella as a sign of royalty, to invent the same games, imagine similar cosmologies, and attribute the same colors to the different directions?"

    Wednesday, August 22, 2012

    This skull pushes back human occupation of Southeast Asia and Australia by 20,000 years

    This skull pushes back human occupation of Southeast Asia and Australia by 20,000 years

    George Dvorsky
    anthropology early humans human migration science sci
    An ancient skull found in a cave in the Annamite Mountains in northern Laos has revised our conceptions of when humans first occupied Southeast Asia and Australia. The skull, which is the oldest modern human fossil ever discovered in that part of the world, shows that ancient humans inhabited diverse habitats far earlier than previously indicated by the fossil record — and that migration into Asia occurred at a relatively rapid rate.

    The study was led by University of Illinois anthropologist Laura Shackelford, who, along with anthropologist Fabrice Demeter from the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, were the first to look for ancient bones in Laos since the early 1900s. Back then, a team found human remnants in another cave which were dated at about 16,000 years old — considerably younger than the newly found skull which is estimated to be between 46,000 and 63,000 years old.
    To establish the timeframe, Shackelford and Demeter used radiocarbon dating and luminescence techniques to determine the age of the soil layers above the remains. The skull itself was found about eight feet below the cave's surface.
    This skull pushes back human occupation of Southeast Asia and Australia by 20,000 years

    The skull fragments were reasonably well preserved, allowing the anthropologists to determine that it belonged to a modern human. No artifacts were found alongisde the skull, an indication that the cave was not likely a dwelling or burial site. Shackelford and Demeter theorize that the ancient human died outside, and that the body washed into the cave at some later point.
    As far as the anthropological canon is concerned, the discovery strongly suggests that early modern humans who left Africa did not simply migrate along the coast and go south to the islands of Southeast Asia and Australia. Rather, they ventured north into very different types of terrain.
    Speaking to io9, Shackelford told us that she never actually expected to find fossils. "This discovery suggests that modern humans followed multiple migratory paths once they arrived in Southeast Asia," she said. "Traditionally, we have assumed that they followed coastal routes towards island Southeast Asia and Australia, but this very early modern human was using an inland, mountainous route."

    Shackelford noted that the Tam Pa Ling fossil has clear implications for modern human origins broadly and for the earliest migrations into Southeast Asia.
    "It supports an Out-of-Africa model for modern human origins and not a multiregional hypothesis because the anatomy is clearly modern and without features that are typical of local, archaic populations," she told io9. "Given its early date, it also suggests that the migration out of Africa occurred relatively quickly — genetic data indicates that the earliest migration of modern humans into Southeast Asia occurred at least 60,000 years ago."
    Tam Pa Ling is the first fossil data that coincides with this genetic data.
    In terms of next steps, Shackelford noted that her team, which is composed of researchers from four countries, will continue to excavate at Tam Pa Ling. "This is one of thousands of caves in the Hua Pan Province so our future work also includes surveying the surrounding area to find additional areas of human occupation."
    The study will appear in an upcoming issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
    All images via Laura Shackelford, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

    Saturday, August 11, 2012

    Forbidden History - 3

    Forbidden true History - 3

    Supersonic and Reactive Crafts
    of the Atlantis Planetary Empire

             The Reactive Epoch development of our civilization cycle is interrelated to knowledge of ancient Atlantians. Ancient documents about forgotten aircrafts - pre-flood Vimanas, have been miraculously survived in the India and Tibet. Post-flood power ~(10,350 ÷ 3050)B.C., Vedic kingdom, inherited the essential knowledge of Atlantis. Tibet has become the main repository of the intellectual heritage of Atlantis. Tibet thousands of years kept the technical achievements and dangerous knowledge of Atlantis. The oldest copies of the documents stored by Vedic culture, helped the Nazis to become leaders in the early jet age. This is known to many scientists also but to talk about this in the scientific community is not fashionable. The Nazis did not manage to reach supersonic technology. These jet technologies have been captured by the American government and Soviet empire. Technical staff of the Nazis’ jet project had been emigrated in the America. The head of the German rocket technology project - Verner fon Brown was captured by Americans as well. At the end of the war, Verner fon Brown offered Hitler to attack New York with the new powerful German rockets

    Nazis’ agents (1939y.) in the Tibet to search Atlantians’ Artifacts and ancient documents
             Pre-flood Supersonic and Reactive Crafts
      When the Soviet designers came to the supersonic level, they faced a big dilemma. At the boundary of the supersonic speed the aircraft wings were broken up. After many long and sleepless nights, the Soviets’ designers solved the puzzle. They guessed that a traditional corner joint of the wing to the body was too weak for the supersonic speeds. They decided to reinforce the connection of the wing to the body to 90 degrees. Thus after many working, was born the first Soviet supersonic Delta-wing aircraft.
    Pre-flood Supersonic and Reactive Crafts
            In America such a tragicomic situation has not arisen. In 1956 at the New York exhibition - "Gold of the pre-Columbian America," American jet project designers, very interested in gold micro model airplanes of Atlantis. They ordered these models for testing and soon the sky above America was flying, first supersonic Delta-wing aircraft «Black Bird».
            These figures have been investigated long ago by American and European experts. They have proved that the “golden birds” are the real crafts. In the wind tunnel, testing showed that the aerodynamic properties of the “golden birds” are particularly well manifested at supersonic speeds. German Air Force officer, Peter Belting made similar model of aircraft. He created even a jet copy of the forgotten "flying dragon" of Atlantis. Calculations for the Peter Belting, were carried out professors at the University of Bremen.
            It is not necessary, to be a primitive aborigine, to recognize similarity between the dragons and "Golden Birds". On the wings of these "fire-breathing dragons", on some models, clearly visible head of the unknown weapons, made by Atlantians. Of course Atlantis Planetary Empire had military and civilian supersonic and conventional aircrafts. Quick jet crafts, fast air and naval transport ensure reliable control of a planetary empire and their areal aristocracy as well.                          

          The Atlantans also had many different marine and civile jet crafts, that were cutting quickly waves of the oceans, seas and large rivers.
           The picture represents a unique and versatile marine jet craft «Mercury-Amphibian». All pre-flood crafts that could move under water, called as the "Mercury". Accordingly, I have to call the versatile vehicle as the "Mercury Amphibian." It was an amazing craft among similar ones, made by early developed, left-handed genius people. «Mercury-Amphibian» was moving under water and over the land. In fine calm weather, on a flat surface, not very large models of these crafts could move by supersonic speed. My restored model needs a small revision. I’m sure that the top cab for the driver was oval and had real aerodynamic shape.
          Motion under the water by universal craft «Mercury-Amphibian» was a safety maneuver in the dead-full stormy weather. Big waves could scattering and destroyed the craft and passengers. During the stormy weather «Mercury-Amphibian» could submerging at shallow depth, to continue the path temporarily under water. Driver could turn off a jet engine behind and included a powerful screw in front of the craft. After calming the storm, driver could continue movement over the water surface, including a powerful jet engine behind and turning off the front screw. «Mercury-Amphibian» above the water surface, continuing his way at high speed, according to weather conditions. After arriving at your destination on the banks of the river or the sea the ship was raised on the coast and could move over the shore and available terrain to the settlement of pre-flood farmers and hunters. We have many antediluvian maps, where the major settlements of pre-flood hunters and farmers are founded by the coasts of the seas and oceans and over the valleys of large rivers.
    The red dots on the pre-flood map represent settlements of the Atlanteans’ farmers and hunters
            Vedic civilization saved to us conclusive evidence about the construction of an amazing universal vessel "Mercury Amphibian» (TRI-PURA VIMANA). In the name vividly shows word "three-[tri]". The Slavs have the Slavic-Aryan origin. In the plain language means Atlanto-Slavian origin. Into Slavic languages three means - [tri]. Do not be surprised, the word "three-[tri]", had the same values ​​for the Atlanteans over 12,500 years ago. The word "three" in the title of the versatile vehicle means that it can move in three different environments: under water, over the water and on the land. TRIPURA VIMANA is already decoded – Craft of the Three Environments.
              Please do not worry on Slavic-Aryan origin. Genetic of the Indo-European people shows high percent of the Atlanto-areal origin. Atlantians’ assimilation within the Slavs’ region produced Atlanto-Slavian people. In the other areals same assimilation produced other Atlanto-areal people.(Romans, Celts Gotts, Coptes, Phoenicians, Estruses, Khmers, etc.)

    Details of the Atlantian technology tungsten
    Spring on the molybdenum rod.
          The closest planet of the Sun - Mercury had same name in the pre-flood cycle of civilization. Atlantean scientists noticed similarities between the motion of the planet Mercury and a submarine. Planet Mercury usually appears just before dawn for a short time, at one end of the horizon and disappears rapidly. After some time the Mercury appears briefly before sunset, on the other end of the horizon and disappears rapidly as well.
          Underwater craft could also repeat such movement. It could appear over the one side of the sea horizon, with disappearing quickly into the sea. After some time same craft can be at the other end of the sea horizon, with disappearing quickly into the sea. The decoded truth is very easily to be explained.
         Many wheel for the «Mercury-Amphibian» is conclusive evidence that it is designed for off-road up by the shores of rivers and seas, and over the possability relief. Thus Atlantians’ settlements all around the earth had very bad roads. Pre-flood civilization widely used high speed “roads” over the oceans, seas and rivers.  Such small models of the "Mercury Amphibians" could be used widely by the terrestrial (areal) rulers, scientists, priests, hunters and farmers.

    “Jet Pillar”- ["Jet [dĵet] - a strong jet (water, gas, etc., emanating from a narrow opening, the nozzle")] miraculous survival "Jet pillar" actually in the Egyptian temple, is a model of reactive craft "Mercury".            
             Atlantians had a very large jet crafts. By using hydrofoils, these jet crafts could move rapidly over the water surface. They were used for the transportation large cargo, including military units and their equipment to restore order in a huge Planetary Empire. These vessels were known as the "Mercury" These models of «Mercury» could not rise on the ground and intended primarily for the rapid movement over the water surface. Underwater movement they also had for the safety option to save the cargo, passengers and ship.
             Particular design of the "Jet pillar" - in fact tells us that the model could create jets. Now we know exactly that the jet is a movement source. Using reactive fuel, during the movement «Mercury» produced huge pillar of the water vapor. We know exactly name of the pre-flood fuel – [rasa]. Thus «Mercury» was the common name for these crafts, but not fuel. The images in the table indicate two different models of the pre-flood jet crafts. Both crafts have four hydrofoils. At the ends of these models are shown the nozzle of a jet engine. Movement of these crafts was designed by Atlantians’ scientists for the powerful jet of gas coming out at the end, through a nozzle. The first model is from the archaeological finding. The second model is drawn on the wall of the Temple built by post-flood boundary dynasty (Hermes I, II, III) in Egypt. It is a magnificent architectural masterpiece. The great temple, built by survived Atlantians and their generation using hamitic aborigines and their surviving architects from Atlantis is an magnificent. The architectural masterpiece created by survived Atlantians is announced as a temple of dynastic Pharaoh Seti I. Thus Egyptologists have stolen from the history more then 9000 years. The actual age of the Temple - ~(10,465 ÷ 10,400) B.C. Seti I was a pharaoh of XIX dynasty in Egypt, who ruled about 1290 ÷ 1279 B.C. Thus, the temple is too rejuvenated by falsifiers of history and Egyptology.
    “Ramess II”…??? —» (Mercurius Ter Maximus) Thrice greatest Hermes
    An additional hieroglyph of water is not added in vain beneath the cartouches. We have a clear indication of the Marine or Civil jet craft which was interrelated to water. Actually three Heqa indicates Jets of the craft by water.

    In the Cartouche of Mercurius Ter maximus is written: His Excellency, Pharaoh of Egypt, Potentate and Owner of the Lands, Seas and Throne. Majestic God and Supreme Priest (Hermes II), Creator of the majestic offerings for the victims of Apocalypse - lots of souls of deads.
           Mercurius Ter Maximus, Hermes Trismegistus, Thrice greatest Hermes are the nick names of Enoch spread in the different cultures.:
    Mercurius Ter maximus: Cartouche of the genial King, Pharaoh and supreme priest has second understanding of the famous pre-flood jet craft «Mercury». Heqa (one of the symbols of divine power) – "divine shepherd of sheeps.".  Three Heqa - «Trismegistus» - «Thrice greatest». Thus we can read shortly his nick name: Mercurius Ter maximus.
    Hermes Trismegistus, Thrice greatest Hermes: At the end of the cartouche we can see Hieroglyphs of Hermes and Three Heqa. Thus we can read shortly his nick names: Hermes Trismegistus, Thrice greatest Hermes.
    Note. My Congratulations for the Egyptologists. Ramesseum became Hermesseum! Builders of the Giza Complex and other Magnificent Architectural Masterpieces in Egypt are decoded. Mercurius Ter maximus has lost status of the mythic person and became Real Genial Historical Figure, of the Post-flood boundary.
            Marine or Civil jet craft «Mercury» in Egypt was interrelated to special hieroglyph. Name a famous dynastic pharaoh «Menkaure» was interrelated to jet craft «Mercury» as well. During the reigning of «Menkaure», in Egypt began constructing large water vessels like the "Solar Barge", The ship ("Solar Barge") is on display to the public in a specially built museum in Egipt. Certainly Pharaoh «Menkaure» likened himself to great gods (Atlantians), who ruled Egypt for thousands of years. It is not strange, for the pharaoh had been chosen name, according by dynastic dialect of the word "Mercury". Large Atlantians’ jet crafts «Mercury» by using hydrofoils were too rapid but not supersonic. They were moving quickly on the water and from the capital of Atlantis to the delta of the Nile could get in one day. Capital of Atlantis and pre-flood Planetary Empire is sunken between Santa Maria and Sao Miguel isles of Azores.
    Cartouches of Pharaoh Hermes I, and His Queen  ~(10465÷10450)B.C.: In Egypt, we can find other cartouches as well that resemble a jet craft. Beneath them is clearly visible jet of gas issuing from the nozzle.:
            After Apocalypse (10465B.C.) In Egypt and around the world, no one could build the Atlantians’ jet crafts - different models of "Mercury". Survived crafts after the deluge have been captured by potentate from “Elephant City’ - Delhi. Jet crafts in the water gradually were spoiling by corrosion of salt water. For thousands of years in Egypt and throughout the world assimilated generation of Atlantis knew real    meaning of word «Mercury». It is not difficult to guess that any jet model Naval and Civil crafts of "Mercury", the Atlanteans were designed primarily for the rapid movement over the water surface.      

    P.S. For decades mainstream scientists have the Ostrich position against magnificent discoveries. They do not want to see beyond the old teaching – “beyond the sand”. Teaching old false is fully acceptable for the mainstreamers. You can help young generation and many others. Publishing «Forbidden histories» in the other mass media, you will protect mind of many people from false attack by mainstreamers. For decades we have no financial support by government and absolutely ignorance and boycott by mainstream science.

           We are working for the mankind to explain truth. Our favorite information about Forbidden True History and Magnificent Discoveries on Atlantis you can find in the links.

    K.L. Margiani

    Founder New Field of Science Cosmogeology.

    The First Expert in the World on Atlantis.