Research Notes 14
|[I am excerpting the following here mostly because of the part which mentions Sundaland. Part of this translation is very bad but I think you can follow the pertinent discussion well enough. The Minatogawa skeletons are a matter I have been following for some time because it is alleged that some aspcts of some anatomy on some of the skeletons resemble the Neanderthal counterparts.-DD.]|
" We are where you're coming from "- close to the origin of the Japanese archipelago - people comment the NHK Hi-Vision Special Issue
|This NHK Special, are summarized as follows: the
first compendium in the intro. The oldest traces of humanity that have been
identified in the Japanese archipelago this one) is approximately 40,000 years
ago. They are
considered moved to the Japanese archipelago from somewhere in Asia.
I am not sure
where it is on earth. In the prevailing view so far 2), our ancestors came to the Japanese
archipelago, will soon be known as the Jomon people. New, since about 2900 years
ago, the Yayoi people came from the continent and then introduction system.
Then mixed with
the Jomon people lived in earlier, was to lead people and modern Japanese.
basic premise of this myth 3), was that the Jomon people came from a specific
route that it "homogeneous population". However, research advances in recent years, it has
been said so far "theory even the Jomon people" has seriously undermined.
One of four),
according to the analysis of DNA, which is that it was in the Jomon people of
different origins, different types of people that has been learned. Imahitotsu, who Minato-gawa
of Okinawa has been called or is not the ancestor of the Jomon people so far, In
the latest study of anthropology, and there are no leads to surprising and Jomon
people of the north of Kyushu, is estimated also 5) Ru is because research
results came out. Be considered the ancestors of the Japanese was considered only the
origin and southward so far 6) The population now, came on chasing the mammoth
from Siberia in the north, Mammoth Hunter so-called have been made, and became
the Jomon people of Hokkaido and Tohoku became. Have also found that in the
previous Paleolithic, the people of the Korean Peninsula, he moved to Kyushu
carried the distinctive stone tools much further than the Yayoi Period 7).
That is, it is
considered in the new view, the ancestor of the Jomon people from the root of
the three, and had come to this at least the Japanese archipelago. NHK and are
|New perspective to the above
background comes out, that there was a new discovery and research is needless to
say. What are
you presented NHK Special is something like the following. Minato-gawa
person was not an ancestor of the Jomon people
Jomon people have been considered or is not a descendant of Minato-gawa people so far. It is a common point such as the following significant (skull) is observed from the face of both.
In other words, the joint receiving portion of the skull and the articular process of the mandible is a power had shifted from the beginning.
Minato-gawa people at that time have been unearthed, the mandible was broken apart in fact. Lower jaw of human bones have been restored Minato-gawa Currently, excavation was in those days, pasted with an adhesive.
Ama is making full use of CT scan, to match with the intracranial joint of the lower jaw using the computer graphics, and see strings together to adjust the angle precisely bones asunder, and the width of the lower jaw is narrower 11mm what It has been found. Minato-gawa people that were more fine features has been demonstrated, ie. Tight lower jaw of a rugged Ella had been common in Jomon and Minato-gawa people. Become a strong evidence this is, but have finished the doctrine of "human ancestor of the Jomon people Minato-gawa =", and this is seriously undermined, no, it is almost bankrupt. (The contents of the above. Has already been reported in the Ryukyu Shimpo 2009.10.9 article by joint research of the University of Tokyo University Museum Prefectural Museum of Art, Museum, National Museum of Nature and Science .) When a person does not lead to the Jomon people Minato-gawa, fresh the following two questions arise. • In, Jomon people? You came from where on earth -Minato-gawa themselves, who someone is in the first place. Where you're coming from. And what happened. Hangzhou landsman of Sundaland, people and Minato-gawa km 50km southwest of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, from cave Hangzhou in the village Kaozamu Hoa Binh Province, in 2004, bones of the women of years ago about 10,000 have been discovered that human Hangzhou had been named. In Southeast Asia, excavation of the bone of the human face can be restored 10,000 years ago was the first time. Hangzhou cave excavation of this is done with the cooperation of Japan, (at that time, Sapporo Medical University), Hirofumi Matsumura was a leader of the Japanese side. According to Matsumura, traditional Minato-gawa people that were wide width of the face is very unique. For this reason, and did not associate with people who Minato-gawa Hangzhou have been unearthed this is also considered up to now. However, that, I noticed "new Minato-gawa people that have narrowed the width of the face" has been restored by re-examination is part of this sea, and if they are really quite similar to human're Hangzhou. Certainly quite a lot in common when compared to concrete.
Vietnam leader of people and people of Okinawa Minato-gawa Why Why are similar. It is related to people about 50,000 years ago, arrived from the west for the first time in Asia.
At that time because of the ice age, sea level is approximately 70m lower extent, had become a vast land called Sundaland Southeast Asia. The first humans in Asia has spread to this area, then some went to Australia and Melanesia. It is believed that people had also spread to East Asia also moved to the north.
However, the initial Asian Sundaland that was in what was a frowning face, that there was little clue so far. Excavation of the leader of this people, that was a fill in the blanks.
For the first time, if they either mean that people were people were in Sundaland, and its descendants but this Hangzhou people here, we have not clearly visible.
And the fact that people like people and Hangzhou Minato-gawa, and not because I had a hometown in common with the people that Sundaland Hangzhou Minato-gawa people, NHK feature is described. Yousuke Kaifu, was seen compared with the data of the lower jaw of modern humans around the world a human lower jaw Minato-gawa there. Then, the lower jaw of modern Southeast Asians and people Minato-gawa is not very similar, but most are very similar but we found that the indigenous people of Australia. They are believed to have reached the Sundaland 50,000 years ago, Africa was played, was present at that time to move along the Indian Ocean coast, and of course the descendants of the early Asian. Therefore, its hometown, the possibility of Sundaland has the higher Minato-gawa people, etc. are similar to Aboriginal Australia. ( The figure below, the author and NHK Special, regardless of Hangzhou is to add the human image and human modification of the original drawing of the National Science Museum Minato-gawa, plus some comments. exhibition of the National Science Museum in the near future, perhaps would deserve to be modified to.) As a result, the image restoration of human Minato-gawa was changed to draw more wild. Then Minato-gawa was moved to the southern tip of Okinawa current north the archipelago Ryukyu arc 18,000 years ago, led to the near Taiwan from Sundaland probably have been over land further, or did fate mean then. Martial arts people from Okinawa Nanjo has been investigated since 2007 (2Km north of discovery where people Minato-gawa), 2008, human bones in the late Jomon period, 2500 years ago have been unearthed. Okinawan that martial arts, has been found that had the characteristics and the Jomon people lived in the same era are different north of Kyushu.
In this way, characterized by "low face is petite delicate" is also seen Minato-gawa people.
In other words, the excavation team believes that there is a possibility that the evolution of their own people stay in the Okinawa Minato-gawa then became the Jomon people of Okinawa, such as a unique human-dong, this martial arts. In this way, that unlike the Jomon people of Okinawa, mainland Japan, which is also unique cultural characteristic of the body also, has been recently found. Human Minato-gawa might be was not an ancestor of the Jomon people of mainland Japan, that is an ancestor of the Jomon people of Okinawa and is considered sufficiently, (Anthropology form) is described Yuki Fujita, Okinawa Prefectural Museum.
So, the Jomon people of the north of Kyushu, where
you're coming from. |
Yu Baba man "came from the south is the possibility that the Jomon people died.. Will be called the hometown of the Jomon people from the north. Evidence then it is a blade Sazare" which featured in the NHK Iki~tsu of Toko. Sazare blade culture came from Siberia Hideaki Kimura archeology of Sapporo University, describes the following about Sazare blade. Sazare blade is a unique Stone was born in Siberia 24,000 years ago. Sazare blade that was brought to Hokkaido to 20,000 years ago. Japan's first Sazare blade has been discovered in the ruins a Kashiwadai Chitose, Hokkaido. 22,000 years ago, the earth is cold when the time is most welcome, sea level is reduced only 120m, Siberia and Hokkaido was contiguous. Therefore, it is considered to have come across people in Hokkaido Hokkaido south to Mammoth is, that it carried the blade Sazare step-by-step. Author's Note) In this NHK Special, old age has been assigned to 2 display 10% than the conventional ones. Considered those that use the real age probably called the age calibration. According to Hideaki Kimura, Sazare blade was brought into the nucleus and Chitose (20,000 years ago) nucleus of the Siberian Sazare blade (22,00 years ago, 0) is in the nucleus Sazare blade that is classified as a "type Rankoshi" for any that. So there is no doubt came from Siberia. One of the type of stone blade manufacturing techniques and its nuclear Sazare in Hokkaido · · · "Rankoshi type") Author's Note. -Type Horoka other Togeshimo some target practice various mountain type, such as type Oshorokko Shirataki-Kata Kata Sakkotsu type.
Therefore, some researchers (northern origin theory Jomon people) idea that ancestors of the Jomon people who came from the north. mtDNA analysis talks about what (molecular genetics) was examined from the standpoint of analysis of DNA Kenichi Shinoda of the National Science Museum, the theory of the origin of this northern Japanese. Remove the mitochondrial DNA from bone Shinoda of the Jomon people in collaboration with the University of Yamanashi, was found in Hokkaido were analyzed, and found that there are four types. Four types, known in the classification of mtDNA with [N9B, D10, G1b, M7a], N9B a large number of the most Primorsky Krai, D10 is the mouth of the Amur, G1b is so on the Kamchatka Peninsula, three of the four was something in common with the indigenous people now live in the northeastern part of the continent. It is considered that the Jomon people in Hokkaido in this way, and that may genetically closely related populations and further north from Hokkaido. So, people came from Siberia, what was widespread in Japan from Hokkaido. Mitochondrial DNA analysis indicates a negative view about this. . Shinoda, had succeeded in extracting mtDNA from the bones of the Jomon people of Kanto to destination. Is the mtDNA of the Jomon people of Hokkaido and Tohoku were examined in collaboration with the University of Yamanashi Prof. Adachi said this, and earlier. Looking to fit together in the following chart as these, and of the Jomon people of the Jomon people and Kanto (Tohoku +) Hokkaido that were found to be completely different. In other words, in the Northeast 60 percent, in the Kanto region are extremely limited N9B is 10% and 65% in the Hokkaido Jomon people. In other words, in the Hokkaido and Kanto is also very different had the same Jomon people. Kenichi Shinoda says. It is also called the Jomon people in their homogeneous population, and DNA was thinking would be the same in any region if very Jomon people. But in fact it seems different. Jomon people in Hokkaido that came from Siberia, but he did not do so as it has to move to the Kanto region was revealed in the above analysis. (This content is also on the web Doshin 2010.02.13 Hokkaido Shimbun. Has already been reported)
|Now, west of the Kanto Jomon people come from and they where.
In the Japanese archipelago, north of the Kyushu Paleolithic human bones has not been found in fact almost. Therefore, the more it is poorly understood reality. Peak inflow vessel culture was flaking from the Korean Peninsula and it is certain there will be relying on in the "Stone Age", which is another type of knowledge, Baba says Yu.
Peak vessel flaking, in the Japanese archipelago is not only seen only in Kyushu, in fact, many Korean peninsula has been excavated. Until now, the stone age because of the same, did not know this until I was born earlier in only one.
2,000 years AD, the center of South Korea (Daejeon) Daejeon-dong, the dragon in the lake (Yonhodon), there were important findings that determine the origin of the instrument peak flaking.
Far older than flaking peak of Kyushu vessel, vessel flaking peak of 40,000 years ago unearthed a result, the peak that the instrument was transmitted to flake and Kyushu from the Korean Peninsula became clear.
It is believed that 27,000 years ago, peak vessel culture flaking appeared in Japan, 110m from sea level is low now, the Tsushima Strait that separates the Korean Peninsula and Kyushu, and was much narrower. Ru considered more likely people who have carried the vessel flaking peak at this time came over to Kyushu. And then falls era 6,000 years ago, the height of the sea level will not change with modern climate warming. Evidence of ties with Japan in this era have been found in Korea, however. Neolithic human bones on the Korean peninsula
in 1988 AD, from the shell mound (Yontedo) Island, South Gyeongsang Province Yantai, body 15 of human bones has been discovered 6,000 years ago. If you compare the Jomon people of northern Kyushu and has been restored and the body 2 of them, had a common characteristic large head, and slightly smaller teeth.
To ear, ear canal projection called osteoma was observed in particular. It is possible that the cold continued to dive in the sea, also found in the Jomon people of northern Kyushu. Recently, also from (&), South Jeolla Province Ajima-2007 AD, the body five years ago, human bones have been found further 6,000. Exostosis of external auditory canal was also observed in this human Ajima Kaizuka. In addition, we found that in the shell mound is excavated obsidian Ajima is, it is of Koshidake Saga Prefecture. It is possible 6,000 years ago, between the southern and northern Kyushu, Korea, and there was exchange of life with a similar foundation "People of the sea," ie. In conventional thinking, even Paleolithic-era, older people have to come from the Korean Peninsula was thought people had come from the Korean Peninsula since the Yayoi period and, also, even 6,000 years ago in fact The fact that became clear. In summary on the map again, as follows. Baba, summarized as follows: For the Jomon people. As has been said so far ", from the story that was formed by the Jomon people of uniform people came from one route has been changed a lot. For example, it is very diverse Jomon people by the analysis of mtDNA and. "... has been clearly. After this is NHK Special, mixed-flow system of the Yayoi people try, but such disparities extend to the population growth of population, omitting this because it is the repetition of conventional theory.
|Or more, NHK has formed a
special "We are where you're coming from" is a summary of the.
(Commentary) and an overview of the overall feature 1) NHK, this view of Yu Baba
on "The Origin of the Japanese" is a breakthrough. |
It has been a significant impact on this subject so far, Kazuo Hara was a true-to-date for "dual structure model". I think that there is no objection on this point.
Hani Hara, had taken the position on the surface, and adopt the opinions of any of various fields, in essence, was the supremacy of physical anthropology to the original true-to-date expertise. The theme of the origin of the Japanese would be because there was an old tradition of patronage of foreigners since the Meiji scholars, such as Belz and Morse also, is the subject of academic anthropology.
There is also his pride, did not focus on anthropology and archeology and emerging genetic evidence on the subject of Hani Hara also cultural. Cultural traces are either say ancestor of the Japanese population brought, what was propagated by the traffic of an ancient people, was excluded as it should not be particularly helpful, not always clear. This time, by the death of the original true-to-date, Baba is not affected by his position, showed me the story rather actively incorporating these allow. It is indeed revolutionary, more than five years have passed already from death of the original true-to-date, research on the origin of the Japanese, more than 10 years in the supremacy of adverse effects such as anthropology, no slowing down of 20 years would be nice to say that. NHK Special, this gave me even a slight delay that regained. I have assessed and good to say, that made me a clue at least. "Dual structure model" theory dogma of traditional Japanese origin 2), Kazuo Hara Hani, the Jomon people are distributed throughout the Japanese archipelago in the uniform, its origin is from the south Asian original, an example of its ancestors was that, who is Minato-gawa. However, in this NHK Special, the junior man Yu Baba, in a position to develop a theory of free self-sense, denied the conventional theory of classroom anthropology same University of Tokyo, two generations of true-to-date Kazuo Hara. Baba will introduce the two-generation study of junior Yousuke Kaifu In addition, it is absolutely Minato-gawa human ancestor of the Jomon people and not from the standpoint of anthropology form. This conclusion re-restoration of human skull Minato-gawa, of the re-measurement is a very meaningful thing. The author, however, The first part of the ancient maritime transport which carried the obsidian Miracle 09. among the people could not Minato-gawa across the Tokara Strait. . Road on the sea 06 Part 5 Did you meet - people Ryukyu - is, culture and flake tool irregular Okinawan culture and blade Sazare-stone shape knife of north Kyushu has been pointed out that it is a different culture. While there have been pointed out in several places other, and Baba "Minato-gawa people" from another direction has been pointed out that an ancestor of the Jomon people is also quite impossible In short the author. Narrow the focus for anthropological approach to measurement of human bones and skull only, If you take a comprehensive approach method, the conclusion of this Baba is the result of the course. NHK feature, the hometown of the person's Minato-gawa Sundaland and then 3). It is introduced that is tied by re-measurement of human discovery and human Minato-gawa Hangzhou, was estimated. Moreover, appearance of people have pointed out Minato-gawa, it is estimated that was similar to early human Sundaland ie South Asians, such as the indigenous people of Aboriginal, do very probably from human studies Yousuke Kaifu Southeast Asia. As can be seen from the illustration of human Minato-gawa, supra, compared with the restoration of this illustration illustrations and close to the traditional Aboriginal reminiscent of the Jomon people, two are clearly different. Way of illustration of this assumption would probably be closer to the truth. 4) Next, for the question that what people Minato-gawa went to where, to provide the latest information and people should say sinus Baba martial arts. Human sinus martial arts, the height is as low as 150cm, is delicate, that, they look very low. The author reminds the people of Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture Hirota from this new discovery, was not known until this origin . ( home of the people brought over 06. Part 3 of the reference somewhere)
It is in the imagination that, the descendants of the people Minato-gawa, the personality-dong, martial arts people, got the technology and navigation boat further to thrive in the Okinawa region, the more specialized reaches the islands at the southern tip of Kyushu, become human Hirota Tanegashima and thinking is whether it would be possible.
The human skull presented to NHK Special sinus martial arts so is the human skull similar to that of Hirota.
Yu Baba 5) is "the possibility that came from the south Jomon people died.. Will be the home of the Jomon people called from the north. Evidence that is blade Sazare then" was Iki~tsu in NHK Special of Toko. Hani Hara Kazuo supremacist in physical anthropology, with respect to the origin of the Japanese, did not eliminate the traces of the culture to study archeology, and also to hear the views of archaeologists. ( Part 1 "Came from the" North "is the first Japanese" of the first culture in the Japanese Islands 04. see. ) Yu Baba, broke with supremacist physical anthropology, the hometown of the Jomon people and to the north, and it is according to archaeological evidence that its basis Sazare Moreover However blade. "Say the north" of the Jomon culture is that true of archeology has been argued Sahara Dry sour (from before 1987 at least) more than 20 years ago already, you may say well-known fact. ( Part 1 "In the people - in the three Maruyama - Jomon statue, the heyday of Japanese 12. Summary of the Jomon culture from archeology " see. ) Appreciate the author, Baba drastic views expressed, and also to move forward one step two step study of the origin of the Japanese in the future. However, this is, we should keep in mind that there is only in re-starting of the same study was 20 years behind. Kenichi Shinoda, in addition to the data of the mtDNA of the Kanto Jomon people to collect own, the results collected in collaboration with the University of Yamanashi the data of the Jomon people) Northeast (+ Hokkaido, were analyzed Put it together, then brought over to Hokkaido 6) Siberian Mammoth Hunter discuss the Kanto region and did not come up. Data and mtDNA of Kanto Jomon people were collected or not mean selfishness. It is in this home page, of Japanese ancestry from the viewpoint of 08-1. mitochondrial DNA Part 4, "Configuring the mtDNA of the Jomon people and Yayoi people brought over the" have discussed in the section, the following is a graph.
Shinoda is the data extracted from the bones of the Jomon Hokkaido and Tohoku to Kanto Jomon human data in this graph says that in addition, if you plot the following graph.
At first glance these two graphs, notice that has been replaced by [M → N9b] In the Kanto Jomon people.
in mtDNA, M-based system and N is a completely different system. It was branched from the development of L3 mtDNA lineage called Mitochondrial Eve is the series and N series M.
Therefore, the results that were N9b was adapted from a detailed analysis of the M is, there can be no common sense.
Then, this is what was wrong citation of the authors of previous data, would be either a mistake in the analysis of mtDNA (this time) or earlier Shinoda. Author, since it does not hit in the original joint research with University of Yamanashi Shinoda and this can not comment any more.
For these data, if there was exposure to the original readers, you describe your very grateful. E-mail would be appreciated. Baba 7) Based on the study of Shinoda, about the Jomon people of the west, the population and brought the blade Sazare in Hokkaido, and unexpected must assume a different population from Kanto Jomon people. And, to note that there was a group brought to the Kyushu region, the vessel flaking peak appeared after a huge explosion of the volcano Aira (Aira). Peak vessel is flaking, some of the Stone Age culture shape knife, has been considered as a kind of instrument peak period, appeared in the Korean Peninsula and Kyushu region so far. (. Be found up to the ruins of Hiroshima and crown to be exact) ( "came from the" North "is the first Japanese" of the first culture in the Japanese Islands 04. Part 1 . see) to the NHK It is this feature According, the center of South Korea (Daejeon) Daejeon-dong, Dragon Lake at (Yonhodon), far older than vessel cusps flaking of Kyushu, instrument peak flaking of 40,000 years ago is a power that was excavated in the year 2,000 AD . What that 40,000 years ago has been depending on the age calibration, and age in the table above are not directly comparable, in the Korean Peninsula will become that unit peak flaking was present from the early stages considerable Stone Age culture shaped knife . By this new knowledge, the above table will must be rewritten. Even so, Why I assimilate to the ancestors of the entire west of the Kanto Jomon people if it were, the group brought a special kind of stone tools was limited to an instrument that's Peak this flake, why Baba also regional. As I can not understand is that indescribably. Rather, as the author argues that this website, in the late Paleolithic ①, brought into the Japanese archipelago from North China via the Korean peninsula-shaped stone knife culture, were distributed from Kyushu to Tohoku. From the culture vessel Sazare ② Siberia, to penetrate to the Kanto and Chubu from Hokkaido. In the early stage of the Jomon era, must have been more high percentage of strains of human mtDNA-N9b probably Kanto Jomon. Spread from Kyushu to Kanto and then people ③, toting the Jomon culture laurel forest from the time the previous year. As a result, the system configuration of the mtDNA of the Kanto Jomon people, and that the weight of the system B and F strains are derived from the south, N9b weight was reduced considerably. If you've found me, the distribution of mtDNA should be able to understand nature. Baba, by age and brought out a limited area is limited "peak vessel flaking", up to about Chugoku region also could be explained as temporarily, to explain the Jomon people of Kanto is rather insufficient for it we should say that I have fallen in the description. If there was Baba for instruments which aim flaking peak 8), stressed the connection until after the Paleolithic and Neolithic from the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese archipelago, then it is Baba with all due respect for the archeological would be those exposed the lack of knowledge. It is, of this website longitudinal tract of continental culture 11 - Part 1 - the Sea of Japan cultural sphere. would be enough just by reading the second part of the. There, people that Neolithic people (&) and Jeollanam-human Ajima (Yontedo), the peninsula of the island 6,000 years ago, South Gyeongsang Province Yantai, that was similar to the Jomon people of northern Kyushu and It must be added the new findings is needless to say. This new knowledge, and the Yayoi people try to make it to the system was brought over from the Korean Peninsula 3,000 years ago in northern Kyushu and the Korean Peninsula 6,000 years ago people has also revealed that, in fact quite different from that addition. In the flow of cooling in East Asia, the Korean peninsula would be a good assumes that the replacement of the (so-called race) population has occurred or perhaps the selection of the population.
( brought about the Bronze Age culture 05. The third part of someone see the section "introduction of the second wave of people") Anyway 9), people surprisingly at all, has been specifically designed to study the areas of expertise, one that scholars, I have often feel that with respect to other areas do not have only the knowledge of the following amateur and often was. Authors appreciate Baba through this HDTV NHK Special, and was a major breakthrough in the study of the theme of "the origin of the Japanese" have a resolute decision. However, I look to raise the level of research to incorporate the findings of other fields in anthropology, at the present stage is not whether they have enough knowledge of archeology, perhaps significantly. In the next feature you need to put the contents of the feature of this pretty hand will probably come out. (End)