Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Sunday, February 5, 2012

Direct Dated Evidence For Early Atlantean Mining In South America

Direct Date Evidence For Early Atlantean Mining In South America

This is a jaw-dropper: Teresa Drusin mentioned this article a while back and my immediate reaction was "Why those dates  (10000 to 8500 BC) are the dates I figure for the Atlantean empire going by Muck's date for the cataclysm" and the mining in Chile begins and ends at the exact beginning and ending dates for the equivalent warrior-culture invading the areas around the Mediterranean as given by Feril, Origins of War. Furthermore the mixed-hunting-gathering-and-marine-resources sustenence -pattern would also be exactly what would be expected for Atlantean colonials: and it is exactly what the European counterparts did for a living upon landing on the "Opposite coasts" of Europe and North Africa. -DD.

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Early Evidence (ca. 12,000 BP) for Iron Oxide Mining on the Pacific Coast of South America
Diego Salazar, D. Jackson, J. L. Guendon, H. Salinas, D. Morata, V. Figueroa, G. Manríquez and V. Castro
Current Anthropology
Vol. 52, No. 3 (June 2011), pp. 463-475
(article consists of 13 pages)
DOI: 10.1086/659426
Stable URL:
Current Anthropology © 2011 The University of Chicago Press


Iron oxides have been used extensively in the Americas from the Paleoindian period up to the ethnographic present. But, because archaeological mining sites are extremely rare in this continent, we still know very little about how indigenous groups exploited and processed these minerals. Here we report finds from the San Ramón 15 site, located on the arid coast of northern Chile, where our research revealed a prehistoric mine with associated tailings and mining debris that was exploited by hunter-gatherer-fisher groups. The mine was first exploited during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition (ca. 12,000–10,500 calibrated years before present [cal yr BP]) and then again during the Late Archaic (ca. 4300 cal yr BP), representing the earliest known mining activity in the Americas. This discovery has important implications, including (1) the record of undisputed mining activity in the continent is extended by several millennia, showing the first insights into Early Archaic mining techniques and technologies; (2) the earliest inhabitants of the Pacific Coast of South America had a well-developed mining knowledge, that is, they were hunter-gatherer-fisher-miner communities; and (3) mobility patterns of early nomadic maritime adaptations in northern Chile were influenced by repeated access to iron oxide pigments used mainly for symbolic purposes.

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