Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Friday, December 16, 2011

Ropes, Cords and Measures in Atlantis

The following is mostly my own speculation based on various sources that critics will say have nothing to do with each other and otherwise certainly do not relate to each other the way I have arranged them. Nonetheless I do feel that these items belong together and reinforce each other: they make sense to me together this way.



[Gina Lollobrigida as Queen Sheba]


Although standards of female beauty have varied over the ages and from place to place, one of the common estimates of fertility and desirability in women is commonly taken to be when the ratio of the waist to the hips is in the realm of 6 to 9 or 7 to 9. This is the common ratio in Africa and Europe, in the Orient the ratio is more like 8 to 9 because the degree of physical differentiation between the sexes is less. In Oceana and in the Americas, women are shaplier again (one of the commonly-noted contrasts between Eastern-Asiatics and Americans or Oceanics) A woman with a waist at 24 inches and hips at 36 inches has a ratio of 6 to 9. And although Neolithic Goddess figures regularly honor a portly matron as ruler (often enthroned), there is a consistent representation of the more shapley younger women as well (See Nile Goddess at upper right)

Furthermore in areas where the women tend to be less shapley such as in Tibet, Southeast Asia or China, the representation of beautiful goddess figures in the Caucasian mold is direct indication that the standard of beauty has been imported along with the artistic conventionalizations (From India in these cases)

Triple Goddess, Arabian Version

Now I happen to be one of the ones that goes along with the idea of a period of Matriarchy in human development. In this case, the period of Matriarchy was in Atlantis and was the period of agrarian development, which was the Mesolithic in parts of the contemporary Old World. This was also the Astrological Age of Virgo according to the precession of the equinoxes, and Virgo represents the Grain Goddess (actually the "Mother" goddess of the trinity, but her "Virgin" aspect is also widely known as the Goddess of Spring, Persephone) The Triple Goddess concept goes back to this period and represents the Three Functions of Women in Atlantean society: Military, Agricultural and Administrative (Priestly): Crafts belong in the Agricultural realm. These are analogous to the Indian caste system but developed from an independant social order. In this system, it is not that there were no men serving in the illustrated capacities, it was only that women counted higher as far as the official point of view stood at the time.

(One recent theory had it that Neanderthal man lived in a Matriarchal society that was being run by the men's desire for sex and the women controlling access to sex. One commenter said at that point "That is the situation in any Mediterranean country as it remains to the present day"-It is certainly still so in Italy)


In Plato's Atlantis story, the Matriarchal age is the Golden age, represented as the state from which the hostile Imperialistic Patriarchal Atlanteans descended, those villains that the Athenians fought against. The Age of Virgo is estimated by Zechariah Sitchin as roughly 11000 to 13000 BC (13 to 15 thousand years ago) which is also roughly equivalent to the Clovis period in North America.



In the formation of the Neolithic, most of the innovative home crafts and arts were the productions of women. This included the weaving of cloth, basketry and matting, and also the earliest pottery. This would be on top of tending to the animals kept around the home, and to gardening, and upkeep of the home itself (like keeping the thatch in repair). Ordinarily the woman's family owned the home and all its goods, and the goods passed along the female line. It is said that some of the earliest pottery was molded by the women on their own breasts to get a start on the clay coil, and that does seem a distinct possibility given the shape of some of the pottery vessels.
And in fact the association of breasts with pottery was a lasting one, and pottery continued to be decorated with women's breasts for a long time. And, yes, it is probably also true that several of these vessels would have been intended as milk jugs.

In this case we do not need to get deeply into the discussion about Matriarchy and what exactly the term really means to get on with the meanings of the cords, belts and measures. In Atlantis, there was an abundance of reedy lowlands where the agricultural centers were located, and weaving reeds and grasses became a very useful skill. One of the early inventitiions they made was the grass rope and vegetable cordage, and with these grass ropes they went on to invent grass rope bridges such as are still commonly used in Peru. This illustration shows some sample short grass ropes.
Rope Bridge in Peru
...And of course reed boats and sails, and all their associated technologies, come from the same origins. It has long been noted that the reed boats made on lake Titicaca are the same as the ones made in Africa from ancient times on, including Egypt, and that this was a good indicator for diffusion. Hence Thor Heyerdahl's voyages in the reed-boat replicas Ra and Ra II.

These are traditional handwoven garters.
Now what occurs to me is that the standard measurements of the Atlantean realm started out being basically women's measures and especially based on the cloth yard. Originally a cloth yard measured out enough to go around the hips and make a simple sarong-type skirt. Later that hip-girdle measurement of 36 inches became the common unit of measure. This was independantly of the Megalithic Yard which was used by men in construction. Presumably the 36 inch girdle is the magic girdle of Venus (She is also associated with nets)
One standard unit was the standard coil of 600 feet of rope, a "Cable" in length, both the ropes in that measure and the measurement of a "Cable" are still in use today. 60 feet is 20 X 3feet (Girdle) and 600 is 20 X 3 X 10. We know the Mayans used a base-20 system and the Babylonans used a base-60. The  36 inch girdle links the two. Furthermore I feel stronly that the Atlantean "League" was 10 cables or 6000 feet, and the same as their nautical mile; and that they knew the mthod of sounding out the bottom by lowering a weighted rope to feel out the bottom as well as the notion of measuring sailing speed by "Knots"-which means you throw the cable overboard to the rear of the craft and count the knots as the rope plays out, giving you a measure of the speed.

That the 18 inch thigh garter equals the later cubit commonly used in Egypt and the Bible requires little more comment. However since we are on the subject of ropes and knots, it also seems to me that the Atlanteans had use of the Peruvian accounting system done by knotted strings or Quipus. This would be most useful in the Agrarian stage of development when they had something of a Socialistic system later mirrored in Egypt and Peru: goods would be stockpiled at a central location and shared out to all of the inhabitants of the land. Plato's description of Atlantis hints at this, and the central circle-city was meant to be the commercial hub. The story also definitely specifices a carefully subdivided and fully administrative state in control of the "Great plain of Atlantis" Needless to say, few of the alternately suggested locations ever showed any indication of this political and economic organization.
Peruvian keeper of the Quipus and below, the code of how the knots were read. This seems related to the basic idea of the abacus and I feel also that Atlanteans had abacuses before they developed the idea of using the knotted cords to make permanent accounting records. The idea of making the permanent accounting records also led to the development of the clay tokens in use around the Mediterranean and in Egypt at a time equivalent to the Clovis age in North America, and eventually to regular writing on clay tablets in Sumeria.
The Quipu Code


There are other common superstitions involving sailing ships and knots. I imagine sailors are still tying some of the same kinds of knots that the Atlantean sailors used. Robert Graves in The Greek Myths says that it used to be common for witches to see sailors "the winds tied up in knots" and when the ship needed a good wind to come up, they would untie one of the knots. Other tradtional spells used by witches involve tying of knots to bind people with curses and such. As Egerton Sykes notes in his revised version of Donnelly's Atlantis, much of our traditional Black Magic comes from Atlantis, and he supposes from the Moon-worshipping faction. This would be partially right, but it would be more accurate to say it is from  the Cro-Magnon practice of Shamanism: Tantric practices (Tantrinka) are also probably from the same root.

A  Sumerian Talent Weight
 (Damaged subsequently)
Another facet of this is the measurement of weight by the hundredweight, 100 pounds or thereabouts. This is the weight of a small trim woman and that seems to have been no accident. The origin seems to have beenb the unit of measure known in ancient times as the Cretan Talent, used in measuring gold and weighing in the realm of 110 to 120 pounds (the exact weight changing a bit over time) Several Feminist writer have drawn attention to the fact that this is mant to be the weight of one of the Cretan Priestesses or Princesses at the time, being the weight of a young woman of Mediterranean extraction at about a height of 5'2", which is about he average as far as we can tell from the skeletons. That would also be about right for an Atlantean woman of the early days. So the Cretan Talent was established with the idea that the woman was literally worth her weight in gold. [artwork by Dale D.]


Worth Her Weight in Gold
 

1 comment:

  1. One possible unit of measure I did not mention at this time would be the 12 inch calf-garter or later "Foot"-It would be a considerable length of time before most people had a foot that was anything near a foot long. A healthy woman about 5'2" or 5'3" and about 110 pounds could commonly have calves about a foot around. And the main importance of that would be that it would be 1/3 the hip girdle measure.

    Incidentally. Plato used the term "Stadium" a lot in his description of Atlantis. That would be the same as the standard length of the "Cable": 600 feet. So that part at least seems to fit in with both the theory and the recorded evidence, such as it is.

    Best Wishes, Dale D.

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