Chancelade is a commune in the Dordogne department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Chancelade is known for a prehistoric discovery: the so-called Chancelade skeleton was found in the shelter of Raymonden in 1888. The way it was lying suggested a ritual burial. In 1889, Leo Testut announced that the skeleton was of a new race, which he called the "Chancelade race", the ancestor of the Eskimo. This hypothesis is now rejected, and the Chancelade race is considered to be a Cro-Magnon.
The Chancelade man stands 155 cm tall with very big brain size, at about 1710cc.
The nose and midface of the Chancelade skull has been damaged-not surprisingly as the bones are very fragile there. Enough is left to tell that the nose was high, projecting and of medium width.
The Chancelade man belonged to the Magdalenian culture and he lived between about 12000 and 10000 BC, and the Magdalenians primarily hunted reindeer (and they may have managed herds in a semi-domesticated state. There is some evidence they also kept dogs and other domesticated animals, but this evidence is usually disputed.
"Eskimos" is at the link:
Google Documents, Original Description
Best Wishes, Dale D.