|Bearded Maya Man|
|Lacandon Maya, Looking very much like an inhabitant of India.|
|Lacandon Maya Woman|
|Don Antonio-Lacandon Spiritual Leader|
|Lacandon area, State of Chiapas, Pacific Coast of Mexico.|
On the other hand the evidence does suggest TWO lineages going across the Pacific and one much older in origin than the other, one South-Asian and the other Central-Asian in Origin. I suggest that the Mayas which seem to have the more marked Central-Asian genes came by way of the later peoples called Malaya, or Deutero-Malays (these are the "Ethnic Malays" that identify themselves as Malays and not the older "Indonesians" which include also the ancestors of islanders from Madagascar to Easter Island)
The earlier Proto Malay groups were later pushed inland by the Deutero Malay settlers in the second wave of migration around 300 BC. The Deutero Malays are Iron Age people descended partly from the Chams of Mainland Southeast Asia who came equipped with more advanced farming techniques and new knowledge of metals. They are kindred but more Mongolized and greatly distinguished from the Proto Malays which have shorter stature, darker skin, slightly higher frequency of wavy hair, much higher percentage of dolichocephaly and a markedly lower frequency of the epicanthic fold. The Deutero Malay settlers were not nomadic compared to their predecessors, instead they settled and established kampungs which serve as the main units in the society. These kampungs were normally situated on the riverbanks or coastal areas and generally self-sufficient in food and other necessities. By the end of the last century B.C, these kampungs beginning to engage in some trade with the outside world .
The Deutero Malays are considered as the direct ancestors of present day's Malay people. Their series of migration had indirectly forced some groups of Proto Malays and aboriginal people to retreat into the hill areas of the interior further upriver.
[It would seem that the Deutero Malays probably started before the Chams with Dong Son traders also from Vietnam and in a mixed metal age. Some of the design motifs that turn up in South America about this time on the West Coast onf South America are also Dong Son like in appearance and this has been noted on an earlier blog posting. Pipes (for smoking) turn up in the Dong Son and related cultures in Southeast Asia in this period also. There are also some striking similarities between Cham, early Indonesian, and Colombian golden statues representing human figurines, presumably deities, beginning about 500 BC and carrying on foreward from then-DD]