Deluge of Atlantis

Deluge of Atlantis
Deluge of Atlantis

Wednesday, March 2, 2011

The World of Atlantis, Pt 2, Cultural Level of The Atlanteans





Plato's story of the Atlantis war is set in the period ordinary Archaeology recognises as the Mesolithic, which is characterised by use of small carefully-shaped stone tools known as Microliths. These microliths are commonly attached several at a time to make blades for sickles, swords, spearheads, arrowheads and harpoons. They became very common in many parts of the Earth at the end of the Ice Age. However on several islands of the Pacific they had a simple and inexpensive replacement: shark's teeth. I would suggest that the Atlanteans regularly used shark's teeth where Europeans would more often go to the trouble to make microliths: some sites in South America also suggest that the Natives used teeth from Sawfish in much the same manner. A usual and basic type of sword used in Polynesia and Mesoamerica much resembles the sawbill of a sawfish.The Polynesian version uses shark's teeth set into a wooden handle.


The End of Atlantis as stated by Plato is in the realm of 8000-10000 BC, at the end of the Ice Age and at a particular event in Earth's History which leads some credence to the possibility that something extrordinary was going on then. For one thing, the Earth was in the middle of an interglacial period with receeding glaciers and the glaciers suddenly advanced for one last assault; and for another thing it coincided with a major mass extinction event, a reversal of Earth's magnetic field and the switching of North and South poles, a measurable alteration in the percentage of the Atmospheric Carbon-14, several contemporaneous volcanic eruptions resulting in a blanketing of the ENTIRE North Atlantic Ocean's floor with fragments of lava, evidence of massive tsunamis on both coasts of the Atlantic and up into the Arctic Ocean from the Atlantic, a change in wind, weather and Ocean wave patterns, a relocation of the geoid and one of Charles Hapgood's purported poleshifts.




This is a mask left by one of the early Neolithic settlers in Israel at the End of the Ice Age and about the time the walls of Jericho were first built. I would suggest it shows the basic form of an ordinary Atlantean wooden mask.


The influence of Atlantis in the Mediteranean can be seen in trade routes such as the ones which dealt in obsidian in Greece, Anatolia, Egypt and other places as far back as 9000 BC. These obsidian arrowheads are also of a characteristic Atlantean design.


The succeeding age of food-production in the Postglacial age is known as the Neolithic or New Stone age. The New Stone is a reference to ground stone tools such as this axhead or celt.
This is an example of a jadeite groundstone celt, a status item mined in Italy but traded as far away as Britain, Poland and the Canary Islands.Not all sources of Jade are known but it IS known to be produced in the arera of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in large quantities.

Early ziggurat at Guimar, Canary Islands, basically a stone-faced mound with earth-and-stone rubble filling.
The ziggurat is a characteristic construction of the Atlantean culture area and later involved into pyramids. Mummification was also practiced in the Canary Islands. Early burials were crouched into a foetal position and covered with red ochre, but a later common variant used hollowed-out logs, made in the same way as dugout canoes, as log coffins where the body was interred stretched out at full length. A plain earthen mound does just as well in most places and in most places, that is what you shall see as a "Pyramid" or mortuary monument.

Mano and Metate for Grinding Grain. Known in Egypt and North Africa for 15000 years or more.
The Atlantean Cromagnons were like everyone else: migrants Out of Africa in the early days. They were of a level called Mesolithic or Protoneolithic because there is evidence that they were experimenting with various plants and animals which were later to become domesticated, but only on an experimental basis. There is evidence they kept horses and probably cattle and goats, but mostly as pets rather than systematically raised in captivity.The difference is that tamed animals can be kept by people but are not modified by selective breeding and so are much the same as the wild ones. Domesticated animals show signs of being deliberately bred to enhance certain features such as smaller horns and greater milk production.
Bone and antler harpoonheads and other bone tools such as needles are characteristic of Cromagnon Europe and then later appear in the New World Paleoindian cultures. They also originate in the African Middle Stone Age, 50000 to 60000 years old and more. Together with red ochre use and mining, and stringing together snailshells as beads for jewelry : remains even include circles of stones interpreted as being the bases for huts. All in all a fairly advanced level of cultures to grow from. A theory exists that European Cromagnon Cave art is preceeded by and derives from African originals as well. That would actually be by far the simplest explanation for the distribution of Cave Art. The earliest Saharan rock art belongs to the Ice Age and is mistakenly referred to as the "Bubalus" period. "Bubalus" is the ASIATIC water-buffalo and the African artwork has nothing to do with it. The creature being CALLED a "Bubalus" is an extinct Pleistocene animal named Pelorovis by LSB Leakey.



The Old World cultures were more concentrated on making small-blade tools by the end of the Ice Age while the New World ones were still making the finely-retouched Solutrean-style tools. In reality, all of the tool kits were composite and also contained groundstone tools (celts). All of these tool types appeared earlier in Subsaharan Africa, in the Middle Stone Age.

This is an assortment of stone tools such as the Atlanteans would have used: both larger and smaller tools and including finely-crafted flaked tools, ground stone tools and smaller flakes or microliths.







More than one researcher has noted that at the end of the Solutrean period we see no more of their stonework in the Mediterranean until all of a sudden when the Neolithic arrives, we begin seeing large ceremonial flint knives appearing in Egypt and the Near East with their blades finely flaked in the Solutrean tradition. Zhirov's Atlantis is one place where this is noted.





Another observation sometimes made by researchers is that the costume of Mesolithic European Women seems to be the same as the costuming later worn in Minoan Crete, only sometimes the skirts were much shorter. The women seem to have worn boots or tall moccasins. Clothing was also much adorned by shell beadwork: in their graves we do not ordinarily find traces of the clothes, but the beads remain in the same position where they were sewn on. So they had Wampum, too.








On the left is a famous statuette of a minoan priestess or "Snake Dancer". at the right is a photograph of a woman from Tunisia in North Africa who much resembles her CroMagnon ancestors.





This is an illustration of several skulls from North Africa. Of all the populations known outside of Europe, these are most like the Cro-Magnons and some of them are known to be older (CroMagnons later also spread across Russia into Siberia but the became more and more interbred into the local populations. The male skull of the Upper Cave at Zhougoudian resembled the European Cromagnons but the two women found with him did not) These North African CroMagnons typically used tools indicatingthe planting and gathering of root crops, possibly yams, and were also possibly "ProtoNeolithic" by the time the Solutreans appeared. They are also thought to be directly ancestral to the CroMagnon-like Canary Islanders or Guanches.




The Mesolithic included several cultures which ate a lot of shellfish and built large mounds of "kitchen-middens" This alone does not necessarily prove all of these people are related although that might be true of the Europeans and the Archaic peoples of the Eastern Woodlands of North America. However, what is more important is that their tools and cultural remains were also similar, and that extends to regular special use of many kinds of shells.







Some of the shellmounds found in North Africa are immense, tens of meters high and kilometers long in all. This one is in Mauretania.



Among the other special uses of certain shells we must not forget the purple-dye shells or Murex. Not only is the dye extracted for use on both sides of the Atlantic in the Mid-East and in Mesoamerica in historical times, but some experts include it as one of the shells indicating subsidences in the Atlantic associated with the idea of the former Atlantis (The Atlantean Continent by Forrest is one source. Despite what you might think, it was published as a serious Scientific work and the copy I saw was in an Ivy League university's Geology library)





Cowrie shells are another special case because they are frequently used as money, especially in Africa but as far away as China and formerly in South America. In many cases, they even function as an international currency. The Aztecs also used cacao beans as money, and they look somewhat like cowries.



Ritual use of Conch-shells, especially as trumpets, is something which also occurs in cultures that seem to have Atlantean cultural elements: and in Classical mythology the Conch-trumpet is suppoised to announce the approach of Poseidon (Named by Plato as ther god of Atlantis, but evidently locally identified in the form of a bull, bison or horse especially, as far as the text implies. The Egyptian deity would be Nu and possibly connected to the Elephant, Abu)

In the case of the Capsians of Nothern Africa, their shellmounds consist largely of snail-shells. Capsians are a more recent addition to North Africa and Spence identifies them with the wave of colonists in Plato's narrative especially. Capsians are smaller and frailer than the older CroMagnons and are more like the more recent Mediterranean peoples.


Cockle-Shell. Many shellmounds are cockle-mounds but the cockles are more noteworthy for being used characteristically to mark the oldest pottery of the Western Mediterranean area, the Iberian Penninsula and North Africa, even appearing un early Egypt. This is known as Cardial ware (from Cardium, the Cockle-shell)



Nubian Neolithic Pot of the old African traditon, and African potsherds above


A pot made in the Cardial tradition(left)
There has been some supposition that the Cardial pottery spread with remarkable speed in the postglacial period, but in fact it is very much like other pottery that is supposed to be much older. Occasional pottery is reported in Europe from "Caveman" levels and pottery in the area of the Sahara has been securely dated to 9500 to 10000 BC, most notably in Mali recently (Leakey had reported a 10000 BC piece of similar pottery at Olduvai Gorge many years earlier)The same type of pottery in Africa is characteristic of the postglacial Neolithic, and in many cases it is marked with a shaped piece of wood, comb or stamp to make a pattern. Same idea only without the handy cockleshell. This pottery is well known in the early Neolithic in Nubia (Khartoum)many pieces seem to be modelled to look like ostrich eggshells, and in fact Capsian cultures otdinarily use emptied ostrich eggs as containers (frequntly with comparable incised designs)



Here are some reconstructions of some living sites which all look to me as being of the same sort of Mesolithic hunting-fishing-early farmng culture. I imagine for the most part, early Atlanteans looked and acted like them.First illustration is a reconstruction of the very early site of Monte Verde, Chile.


Neolithic Settlers To The Mediterranean Area. Rock Art they made depicts them as being like this from Spain to Anatolia (Modern Turkey)-wall art at Catal Hoyuk depicts hunters in loincloths wearing feathers and using bows and arrows.






Mesolithic Peoples [Original name for photo]
These would be Mesolithic Northern Europeans, similar in England and Denmark as well, and later also famous for making enormous shell-middens.

Physically, they were still mostly CroMagnons.



And here are a couple of reconstructions for the Clovis peoples of North America. In some respects they might be compared to the old Mountain men and fur-trappers of colonial days: they seemed to be professional harvesters of resources to be shipped away downstream by canoes. After the Big Game Hunting period they were supplanted by Archaic peoples, who were much the same as the Old World Mesolithic peoples.

Clovis Mastodon and Mammoth Hunters





Kennewick Man and Woman

These final photos illustrate the Canary Islanders or Guanches, often said to be the Last Survivors of Atlantis (by Lewis Spence and others). They were fully Neolithic with sheep, goats, pigs and dogs, and raising wheat and barley. They also evidently raised bananas (still a very valuable commodity on those islands) They are very frequently compared to the CroMagnons and they were mostly massacred by their Spanish overlords in the 1600s.



Re-enactment Guanches, but illustrating the traditional leather garments.

Pottery designs of the Guanches which are elsewhere stated to mean Atlantis (Circle-city and "Triple Mountain")



For the cultural level of the Atlantean Aristocracy, More like the historical Aztecs and Incas, Please see:
 http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/02/coneheads.html

5 comments:

  1. In case it is still hard to figure out, the Nubian pot has no handles but the Cardial pot below ot does have handles. The blog continues to shuffle my captions around but now I think this one is about right. Sometimes I have to revise these things four or five times because the captions float away and go with the wrong photo.

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  2. I have just done another attempt to cut out all the garbage-html that had accumulated in this posting: at one time when I posted this, Blogger was inexplicably buggy. I think it is much improved and so I'll leave it this way for now.

    Best Wishes, Dale D.

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  3. That picture of a "Tunisian woman" is of actress Claudia Cardinale who, though born in Tunisia, was born to Sicilian parents.

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  4. Thank you, I guess you could say I was fudging the point: actually, what counts is the physical type she represents, and she does in fact represent the appropriate physical type I wanted to represent. And I do beleieve the Sicilians and Maltese were settled from Tunisia in Neolithic timres, something I was saying in the case of the Cardial pottery as indicated above. So basically it might not be generally held that Tunisians are the ancestors of Sicilians, but that is the way I see it. And so there are also genetic studies which also indicate that much.

    Best Wishes, Dale D.

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  5. Hello Dale

    Yes there is a connection, I recommend reading the Urantia Book, the book explains all these mysteries.

    Big Hug
    Marcos


    ReplyDelete

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