Plato's story of the Atlantis war is set in the period ordinary Archaeology recognises as the Mesolithic, which is characterised by use of small carefully-shaped stone tools known as Microliths. These microliths are commonly attached several at a time to make blades for sickles, swords, spearheads, arrowheads and harpoons. They became very common in many parts of the Earth at the end of the Ice Age. However on several islands of the Pacific they had a simple and inexpensive replacement: shark's teeth. I would suggest that the Atlanteans regularly used shark's teeth where Europeans would more often go to the trouble to make microliths: some sites in South America also suggest that the Natives used teeth from Sawfish in much the same manner. A usual and basic type of sword used in Polynesia and Mesoamerica much resembles the sawbill of a sawfish.The Polynesian version uses shark's teeth set into a wooden handle.
The End of Atlantis as stated by Plato is in the realm of 8000-10000 BC, at the end of the Ice Age and at a particular event in Earth's History which leads some credence to the possibility that something extrordinary was going on then. For one thing, the Earth was in the middle of an interglacial period with receeding glaciers and the glaciers suddenly advanced for one last assault; and for another thing it coincided with a major mass extinction event, a reversal of Earth's magnetic field and the switching of North and South poles, a measurable alteration in the percentage of the Atmospheric Carbon-14, several contemporaneous volcanic eruptions resulting in a blanketing of the ENTIRE North Atlantic Ocean's floor with fragments of lava, evidence of massive tsunamis on both coasts of the Atlantic and up into the Arctic Ocean from the Atlantic, a change in wind, weather and Ocean wave patterns, a relocation of the geoid and one of Charles Hapgood's purported poleshifts.
This is a mask left by one of the early Neolithic settlers in Israel at the End of the Ice Age and about the time the walls of Jericho were first built. I would suggest it shows the basic form of an ordinary Atlantean wooden mask.
The succeeding age of food-production in the Postglacial age is known as the Neolithic or New Stone age. The New Stone is a reference to ground stone tools such as this axhead or celt.
This is an example of a jadeite groundstone celt, a status item mined in Italy but traded as far away as Britain, Poland and the Canary Islands.Not all sources of Jade are known but it IS known to be produced in the arera of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in large quantities.
The ziggurat is a characteristic construction of the Atlantean culture area and later involved into pyramids. Mummification was also practiced in the Canary Islands. Early burials were crouched into a foetal position and covered with red ochre, but a later common variant used hollowed-out logs, made in the same way as dugout canoes, as log coffins where the body was interred stretched out at full length. A plain earthen mound does just as well in most places and in most places, that is what you shall see as a "Pyramid" or mortuary monument.
The Atlantean Cromagnons were like everyone else: migrants Out of Africa in the early days. They were of a level called Mesolithic or Protoneolithic because there is evidence that they were experimenting with various plants and animals which were later to become domesticated, but only on an experimental basis. There is evidence they kept horses and probably cattle and goats, but mostly as pets rather than systematically raised in captivity.The difference is that tamed animals can be kept by people but are not modified by selective breeding and so are much the same as the wild ones. Domesticated animals show signs of being deliberately bred to enhance certain features such as smaller horns and greater milk production.
The Old World cultures were more concentrated on making small-blade tools by the end of the Ice Age while the New World ones were still making the finely-retouched Solutrean-style tools. In reality, all of the tool kits were composite and also contained groundstone tools (celts). All of these tool types appeared earlier in Subsaharan Africa, in the Middle Stone Age.
This is an assortment of stone tools such as the Atlanteans would have used: both larger and smaller tools and including finely-crafted flaked tools, ground stone tools and smaller flakes or microliths.
More than one researcher has noted that at the end of the Solutrean period we see no more of their stonework in the Mediterranean until all of a sudden when the Neolithic arrives, we begin seeing large ceremonial flint knives appearing in Egypt and the Near East with their blades finely flaked in the Solutrean tradition. Zhirov's Atlantis is one place where this is noted.
Another observation sometimes made by researchers is that the costume of Mesolithic European Women seems to be the same as the costuming later worn in Minoan Crete, only sometimes the skirts were much shorter. The women seem to have worn boots or tall moccasins. Clothing was also much adorned by shell beadwork: in their graves we do not ordinarily find traces of the clothes, but the beads remain in the same position where they were sewn on. So they had Wampum, too.
On the left is a famous statuette of a minoan priestess or "Snake Dancer". at the right is a photograph of a woman from Tunisia in North Africa who much resembles her CroMagnon ancestors.
The Mesolithic included several cultures which ate a lot of shellfish and built large mounds of "kitchen-middens" This alone does not necessarily prove all of these people are related although that might be true of the Europeans and the Archaic peoples of the Eastern Woodlands of North America. However, what is more important is that their tools and cultural remains were also similar, and that extends to regular special use of many kinds of shells.
Cowrie shells are another special case because they are frequently used as money, especially in Africa but as far away as China and formerly in South America. In many cases, they even function as an international currency. The Aztecs also used cacao beans as money, and they look somewhat like cowries.
Ritual use of Conch-shells, especially as trumpets, is something which also occurs in cultures that seem to have Atlantean cultural elements: and in Classical mythology the Conch-trumpet is suppoised to announce the approach of Poseidon (Named by Plato as ther god of Atlantis, but evidently locally identified in the form of a bull, bison or horse especially, as far as the text implies. The Egyptian deity would be Nu and possibly connected to the Elephant, Abu)
In the case of the Capsians of Nothern Africa, their shellmounds consist largely of snail-shells. Capsians are a more recent addition to North Africa and Spence identifies them with the wave of colonists in Plato's narrative especially. Capsians are smaller and frailer than the older CroMagnons and are more like the more recent Mediterranean peoples.
Cockle-Shell. Many shellmounds are cockle-mounds but the cockles are more noteworthy for being used characteristically to mark the oldest pottery of the Western Mediterranean area, the Iberian Penninsula and North Africa, even appearing un early Egypt. This is known as Cardial ware (from Cardium, the Cockle-shell)
There has been some supposition that the Cardial pottery spread with remarkable speed in the postglacial period, but in fact it is very much like other pottery that is supposed to be much older. Occasional pottery is reported in Europe from "Caveman" levels and pottery in the area of the Sahara has been securely dated to 9500 to 10000 BC, most notably in Mali recently (Leakey had reported a 10000 BC piece of similar pottery at Olduvai Gorge many years earlier)The same type of pottery in Africa is characteristic of the postglacial Neolithic, and in many cases it is marked with a shaped piece of wood, comb or stamp to make a pattern. Same idea only without the handy cockleshell. This pottery is well known in the early Neolithic in Nubia (Khartoum)many pieces seem to be modelled to look like ostrich eggshells, and in fact Capsian cultures otdinarily use emptied ostrich eggs as containers (frequntly with comparable incised designs)
Here are some reconstructions of some living sites which all look to me as being of the same sort of Mesolithic hunting-fishing-early farmng culture. I imagine for the most part, early Atlanteans looked and acted like them.First illustration is a reconstruction of the very early site of Monte Verde, Chile.
Neolithic Settlers To The Mediterranean Area. Rock Art they made depicts them as being like this from Spain to Anatolia (Modern Turkey)-wall art at Catal Hoyuk depicts hunters in loincloths wearing feathers and using bows and arrows.
Mesolithic Peoples [Original name for photo]
These would be Mesolithic Northern Europeans, similar in England and Denmark as well, and later also famous for making enormous shell-middens.
Physically, they were still mostly CroMagnons.
And here are a couple of reconstructions for the Clovis peoples of North America. In some respects they might be compared to the old Mountain men and fur-trappers of colonial days: they seemed to be professional harvesters of resources to be shipped away downstream by canoes. After the Big Game Hunting period they were supplanted by Archaic peoples, who were much the same as the Old World Mesolithic peoples.
Kennewick Man and Woman
Pottery designs of the Guanches which are elsewhere stated to mean Atlantis (Circle-city and "Triple Mountain")